Stéphane E. Guillouet

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Several bottlenecks in the alcoholic fermentation process must be overcome to reach a very high and competitive performance of bioethanol production by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this paper, a nutritional strategy is described that allowed S. cerevisiae to produce a final ethanol titre of 19% (v/v) ethanol in 45 h in a fed-batch culture at 30°C.(More)
The catabolic or biodegradative threonine dehydratase (E.C. 4.2.1. 16) of Escherichia coli is an isoleucine feedback-resistant enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of threonine to alpha-ketobutyrate, the first reaction of the isoleucine pathway. We cloned and expressed this enzyme in Corynebacterium glutamicum. We found that while the native threonine(More)
In order to identify an optimal aeration strategy for intensifying bio-fuel ethanol production in fermentation processes where growth and production have to be managed simultaneously, we quantified the effect of aeration conditions—oxygen limited vs non limited culture (micro-aerobic vs aerobic culture)—on the dynamic behaviour of Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Carbon destined for lysine synthesis in Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 21799 can be diverted toward threonine by overexpression of genes encoding a feedback-insensitive homoserine dehydrogenase (hom dr) and homoserine kinase (thrB). We studied the effects of introducing two different threonine dehydratase genes into this threonine-producing system to gauge(More)
In order to understand the role of the medium osmolality on the metabolism of glumate-producing Corynebacterium glutamicum, effects of saline osmotic upshocks from 0.4 osnol. kg−1 to 2 osmol. kg−1 have been investigated on the growth kinetics and the intracellular content of the bacteria. Addition of a high concentration of NaCl after a few hours of batch(More)
Gpd1 and Gpd2 are the two isoforms of glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), which is the rate-controlling enzyme of glycerol formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The two isoenzymes play crucial roles in osmoregulation and redox balancing. Past approaches to increase ethanol yield at the cost of reduced glycerol yield have most often been based on(More)
Alleviating our society’s dependence on petroleum-based chemicals has been highly emphasized due to fossil fuel shortages and increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Isopropanol is a molecule of high potential to replace some petroleum-based chemicals, which can be produced through biological platforms from renewable waste carbon streams such as carbohydrates,(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations of the parkin gene are frequently encountered in patients with young-onset Parkinson disease (YOPD), but the effects of this mutation on the nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration are not well established. OBJECTIVE To analyze, using positron emission tomography and fluorodopa F 18, the severity and profile of striatal dopaminergic(More)
The impact of the temperature on an industrial yeast strain was investigated in very high ethanol performance fermentation fed-batch process within the range of 30-47 °C. As previously observed with a lab strain, decoupling between growth and glycerol formation occurred at temperature of 36 °C and higher. A dynamic model was proposed to describe the impact(More)
The impact of ethanol and temperature on the dynamic behaviour of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in ethanol biofuel production was studied using an isothermal fed-batch process at five different temperatures. Fermentation parameters and kinetics were quantified. The best performances were found at 30 and 33 degrees C around 120 g l(-1) ethanol produced in 30 h(More)