Learn More
Many muscular and neurological disorders are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and are often accompanied by changes in mitochondrial morphology. Mutations in the gene encoding OPA1, a protein required for fusion of mitochondria, are associated with hereditary autosomal dominant optic atrophy type I. Here we show that mitochondrial fragmentation(More)
The [Het-s] infectious element of the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina is a prion. We have recently reported that recombinant HET-s protein aggregates in vitro into amyloid fibers. In vivo, the protein aggregates specifically in the [Het-s] prion strains. Here, we show that biolistic introduction of aggregated recombinant HET-s protein into fungal(More)
The mitochondrial ATP synthase is made of a membrane-integrated F0 component that forms a proton-permeable pore through the inner membrane and a globular peripheral F1 domain where ATP is synthesized. The catalytic mechanism is thought to involve the rotation of a 10-12 c subunit ring in the F0 together with the gamma subunit of F1. An important and not yet(More)
The morphology of mitochondria in mammalian cells is regulated by proteolytic cleavage of OPA1, a dynamin-like GTPase of the mitochondrial inner membrane. The mitochondrial rhomboid protease PARL, and paraplegin, a subunit of the ATP-dependent m-AAA protease, were proposed to be involved in this process. Here, we characterized individual OPA1 isoforms by(More)
Atp6p is an essential subunit of the ATP synthase proton translocating domain, which is encoded by the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in yeast. We have replaced the coding sequence of Atp6p gene with the non-respiratory genetic marker ARG8m. Due to the presence of ARG8m, accumulation of rho-/rho0 petites issued from large deletions in mtDNA could be restricted(More)
NARP (neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa) and MILS (maternally inherited Leigh syndrome) are mitochondrial disorders associated with point mutations of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the gene encoding the Atp6p subunit of the ATP synthase. The most common and studied of these mutations is T8993G converting the highly conserved leucine 156 into(More)
Mitochondrial genomes generally encode a minimal set of tRNAs necessary for protein synthesis. However, a number of eukaryotes import tRNAs from the cytoplasm into their mitochondria. For instance, Saccharomyces cerevisiae imports cytoplasmic tRNA(Gln) into the mitochondrion without any added protein factors. Here, we examine the existence of a similar(More)
Mitochondria are the site where oxidative phosphorylations (OXPHOSs) take place. Fusion and fission reactions allow them to change their overall morphology, which ranges from networks of elongated and branched filaments to collections of small individual organelles. It is assumed that mitochondrial bioenergetics and dynamics are linked and that(More)
In yeast, the two main F(O) proton-translocating subunits of the ATP synthase (subunits 6/a and 9/c) are encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Unfortunately, mutations that inactivate the F(O) typically result in loss of mtDNA under the form of ρ(-)/ρ(0) cells. Thus, we have designed a novel genetic strategy to circumvent this problem. It exploits previous(More)
Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles that continuously move, fuse and divide. Mitochondrial dynamics modulate overall mitochondrial morphology and are essential for the proper function, maintenance and transmission of mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We have investigated mitochondrial fusion in yeast cells with severe defects in oxidative(More)