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By simulating the observations of multiple satellite instruments, COSP enables quantitative evaluation of clouds, humidity, and precipitation processes in diverse numerical models. G eneral circulation models (GCMs) of the atmosphere, including those used for numerical weather prediction (NWP) and climate projections , operate with resolutions from a few… (More)
The improved synthesis of thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (TPD) monomers, including Gewald thiophene ring formation, a Sandmeyer-type reaction, and neat condensation with an amine, is presented. This protocol enables faster, cheaper, and more efficient preparation of TPD units in comparison to traditional methods. Furthermore, a series of TPD homo- and… (More)
Dimaleimide fluorogens are being developed for application to fluorescent protein labeling. In this method, fluorophores bearing two maleimide quenching groups do not fluoresce until both maleimide groups have undergone thiol addition reactions with the Cys residues of the target protein sequence [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 559-566]. In this work, a new… (More)
Novel conjugated azomethines consisting uniquely of thiophene units are presented. The highly conjugated compounds were synthesized by simple condensation of a stable diamino thiophene (2) with its complementary thiophene aldehydes. These interesting nitrogen-containing thiophene units exhibit variable reactivity leading to controlled aldehyde addition.… (More)
In the search of functional materials with improved electrochromic properties, thiophenes and asymmetric bipyrroles have been conjugated with azomethine units. 4-Methoxy-2,2'-bipyrroles 3-6 were first synthesized by a general route from 4-hydroxyproline and converted subsequently to dialdehydes 8-15, which underwent condensations with different… (More)
The electrochromic and photophysical behaviors of unsymmetric bipyrroles were observed as intense color changes of the oxidized products relative to the neutral form. The color of the oxidized form and the oxidation potential were both tunable contingent on electronic group and substitution.
Novel cassettes suitable for energy transfer are presented involving simple and efficient condensation methods. The new rigid cassettes obtained by Schiff base formation are capable of undergoing energy transfer from a donor to an acceptor core both through space and through bonds.
In the crystal structure of the title compound, C(15)H(16)N(2)O(5)S, the azomethine adopts the E configuration. The two heterocyclic rings adopt an anti-periplanar orientation. The mean planes of the thio-phene and furan rings are twisted by 2.51 (4)°. The crystal structure exhibits inter-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bonding. π-π stacking is also observed, the… (More)
The title compound, C16H12N4S, forms a three-dimensional layered network structure via intermolecular hydrogen bonding and π-stacking. The azomethine molecule adopts the thermodynamically stable E regioisomer and the pyridine substituents are antiperiplanar. The mean planes of the pyridine rings and the azomethine group to which they are connected are… (More)
The structure of the title compound, C(16)H(19)N(3)O(4)S, shows the planes described by the thio-phene and the pyrroles are twisted by 17.06 (4)°. Additionally, the structure shows the azomethine bond adopts the E configuration, while the pyrrole is disordered as a heterocycle flip [occupancy ratio 0.729 (5):0.271 (5)]. The three-dimensional network is well… (More)