Stéphane Delpierre

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In anesthetized cats, with vagi cut and the spinal cord severed at the C8 level, phrenic motor and/or sensory discharge was recorded. Small afferent phrenic fibers were identified through their activation by lactic acid, hyperosmotic NaCl solution, or phenyl diguanide. They exhibited a spontaneous but irregular low-frequency discharge. Block of their(More)
To test the effects of high-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) compared with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and low-volume conventional mechanical ventilation (LVCMV), on lung injury course in a gastric juice aspiration model. Prospective, randomized, controlled, in-vivo animal study. University animal research laboratory. Forty-three(More)
To characterize hemodynamic changes during experimental aspiration pneumonitis, paying special attention to echocardiographic assessment. Animal study in a university-based research laboratory. Fourteen mechanically ventilated New Zealand white rabbits We instilled 1 ml/kg human gastric juice (mean pH: 4.1 + 0.2) intratracheally. Hemodynamic and respiratory(More)
INTRODUCTION Current diagnostic criteria of Alzheimer Disease (AD) are mainly based on clinical definition. In France, the Delayed Matching Sample (DMS48) test, a recently introduced test that explores visual object recognition, is recommended for the early diagnosis of AD. However, little is known on the DMS48 performances of older subjects over 75 years.(More)
The pulmonary function of patients receiving autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was studied before, 100 days after and 1 year after BMT. The 117 patients studied before transplantation showed a slight reduction in average total lung capacity (TLC) and transfer coefficient (KCO). These reductions were related to haematological(More)
Although pain and dyspnoea are common symptoms in pleural diseases, there are few studies on the sensory innervation of the pleura. Using rabbits, after removal of all muscles in the intercostal space to be studied, we investigated the afferents of the internal intercostal nerve by applying to the internal thoracic wall pieces of gauze soaked in warmed (37(More)
Respiratory effects of cold air breathing were studied in anesthetized cats. Two different protocols were used: the air temperature was either lowered in an isolated segment, constituted by the larynx and oropharynx or in lower airways, so that the cats inspired the cold air directly. Temperatures ranged between 37 and 8 degrees C (first protocol) or(More)
The effects of elastase-induced emphysema on vagal pulmonary reflexes were studied in seven rabbits, given 600 IU of porcine pancreatic elastase intratracheally (E group), and eight untreated rabbits (U group) under pentobarbital anaesthesia. The presence of emphysema was confirmed by histological and pathological criteria and by documented changes in lung(More)
Previous observations having reported a transient hypoxia at the onset of incremental exercise, we investigated the existence of concomitant ventilatory and heart rate (HR) breakpoints.33 subjects executed a maximal cycling exercise with averaging for successive 5-s periods of HR, ventilation, tidal volume (VT), mean inspiratory flow rate (VT/Ti), and(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical ventilation using tidal volumes around 10 ml/kg and zero positive end-expiratory pressure is still commonly used in anesthesia. This strategy has been shown to aggravate lung injury and inflammation in preinjured lungs but not in healthy lungs. In this study, the authors investigated whether this strategy would result in lung injury(More)