Stéphane Delpierre

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INTRODUCTION Current diagnostic criteria of Alzheimer Disease (AD) are mainly based on clinical definition. In France, the Delayed Matching Sample (DMS48) test, a recently introduced test that explores visual object recognition, is recommended for the early diagnosis of AD. However, little is known on the DMS48 performances of older subjects over 75 years.(More)
In anesthetized cats, with vagi cut and the spinal cord severed at the C8 level, phrenic motor and/or sensory discharge was recorded. Small afferent phrenic fibers were identified through their activation by lactic acid, hyperosmotic NaCl solution, or phenyl diguanide. They exhibited a spontaneous but irregular low-frequency discharge. Block of their(More)
We investigated the potential inflammatory reaction induced by mechanical ventilation (MV) using 10 ml/kg tidal volume and no positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in control (C, n = 8), spontaneously breathing (SB, n = 12) and mechanically ventilated (MV, n = 12) rabbits with normal lungs. After 6 h (MV and SB groups) or immediately (C group), lungs were(More)
The bronchomotor effects of repetitive electrical stimulation of the peripheral end of the cervical vagus nerves were studied in anaesthetized and paralysed rabbits and cats. Stimulation of either myelinated or of all motor vagal fibres was obtained by varying the duration of electrical square pulses. In rabbits, selective stimulation of myelinated vagal(More)
Respiratory distress syndrome is responsible for 40 to 60 percent mortality. An over mortality of about 10 percent could result from additional lung injury and inflammation due to the life-support mechanical ventilation, which stretches the lung. It has been recently demonstrated, in vitro, that pharmacological activation of the alpha 7 nicotinic receptors(More)
Although pain and dyspnoea are common symptoms in pleural diseases, there are few studies on the sensory innervation of the pleura. Using rabbits, after removal of all muscles in the intercostal space to be studied, we investigated the afferents of the internal intercostal nerve by applying to the internal thoracic wall pieces of gauze soaked in warmed (37(More)
Because we already showed (Brégeon, F., Roch, A., Delpierre, S., Ghigo, E., Autillo-Touati, A., Kajikawa, O., Martin, T., Pugin, J., Portugal, H., Auffray, J., Jammes, Y., 2002. Conventional mechanical ventilation of healthy lungs induced pro-inflammatory cytokine gene transcription, Respir. Physiol. Neurobiol. 132, 191-203) that non-injurious mechanical(More)
In order to assess the role of exercise-induced inflammatory reactions on electromyographic (EMG) changes in humans, we have recorded, during a 3-min dynamic handgrip exercise at a high strength (112 w), the surface EMG and the compound evoked muscle action potential (M-wave) in control conditions, and this after ingestion of a well known cyclooxygenase(More)
Breathing through an inspiratory resistance induces a hypoventilation in mammals despite an increased diaphragmatic activity. We showed in previous works that an increase in GABA and endogenous opioid release in the central respiratory network could explain in part the inadequate increase in the inspiratory drive during inspiratory loading. In the present(More)
We hypothesized that hypoventilation induced by resistive loaded breathing may result in part from the inhibition of central respiratory-related structures by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), through the stimulation of GABA(B) receptors. In that case, ventilatory depression should be minimized by GABA(B) receptor blockade. To test this assumption, the(More)