Stéphane Carryn

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This article establishes the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic parameters that are important when considering the intracellular activity of antibiotics. Generally speaking, the main classes of antibiotics seem to share globally the same properties against extracellular and intracellular organisms. The specific cellular pharmacokinetic properties may modulate(More)
The pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes is related to its ability of invading and multiplying in eukaryotic cells. Its main virulence factors are now well characterized, but limited proteomic data is available concerning its adaptation to the intracellular environment. In this study, L. monocytogenes EGD (serotype 1/2a) grown in human THP-1 monocytes(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Temocillin, a 6alpha-methoxy-penicillin stable towards most beta-lactamases (including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase), is presented as an alternative to carbapenems for susceptible Enterobacteriaceae in microbiological surveys. We aimed at documenting its potential clinical usefulness in intensive care (IC) patients using(More)
Antibiotic efflux pumps expressed in eukaryotic cells can decrease the intracellular accumulation of the corresponding drugs and therefore impair their activity against intracellular bacteria. We have investigated whether verapamil (an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein) and gemfibrozil (an inhibitor of multidrug resistance proteins (MRP) and other organic anion(More)
Correspondence Activity of β-lactams (ampicillin, meropenem), gentamicin, azithromycin and moxifloxacin against intracellular Listeria monocytogenes in a 24 h THP-1 human macrophage model Sir, Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular organism causing persistent and life-threatening infections. Recurrence and dissemination of the infection is(More)
s of the Second ASM Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance in Zoonotic Bacteria and Foodborne Pathogens in Animals, Humans and the Environment, Toronto, 2010. Abstract 87A, p. 13. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, USA. 3 Garcı́a-Fernández A, Fortini D, Veldman K et al. Characterization of plasmids harbouring qnrS1, qnrB2 and qnrB19 genes in(More)
The intracellular pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oritavancin (LY333328) were studied in cultured cells. Oritavancin was avidly accumulated by J774 and THP-1 macrophages and rat fibroblasts and to a lesser extent by LLC-PK1 and Caco-2 cells. In J774 macrophages, the level of accumulation reached a plateau (at 370-fold the extracellular(More)
The activities of ampicillin, meropenem, azithromycin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and moxifloxacin against intracellular hemolysin-positive Listeria monocytogenes were measured in human THP-1 macrophages and were compared with the extracellular activities observed in broth. All extracellular concentrations were adjusted to explore ranges that are clinically(More)
The activities of ampicillin, meropenem, azithromycin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and moxifloxacin against intracellular hemolysin-positive Listeria monocytogenes were measured in human THP-1 macrophages and were compared with the extracellular activities observed in broth. All extracellular concentrations were adjusted to explore ranges that are clinically(More)