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The activities of ampicillin, meropenem, azithromycin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and moxifloxacin against intracellular hemolysin-positive Listeria monocytogenes were measured in human THP-1 macrophages and were compared with the extracellular activities observed in broth. All extracellular concentrations were adjusted to explore ranges that are clinically(More)
The pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes is related to its ability of invading and multiplying in eukaryotic cells. Its main virulence factors are now well characterized, but limited proteomic data is available concerning its adaptation to the intracellular environment. In this study, L. monocytogenes EGD (serotype 1/2a) grown in human THP-1 monocytes(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Temocillin, a 6alpha-methoxy-penicillin stable towards most beta-lactamases (including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase), is presented as an alternative to carbapenems for susceptible Enterobacteriaceae in microbiological surveys. We aimed at documenting its potential clinical usefulness in intensive care (IC) patients using(More)
This article establishes the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic parameters that are important when considering the intracellular activity of antibiotics. Generally speaking, the main classes of antibiotics seem to share globally the same properties against extracellular and intracellular organisms. The specific cellular pharmacokinetic properties may modulate(More)
Antibiotic efflux pumps expressed in eukaryotic cells can decrease the intracellular accumulation of the corresponding drugs and therefore impair their activity against intracellular bacteria. We have investigated whether verapamil (an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein) and gemfibrozil (an inhibitor of multidrug resistance proteins (MRP) and other organic anion(More)
The intracellular pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oritavancin (LY333328) were studied in cultured cells. Oritavancin was avidly accumulated by J774 and THP-1 macrophages and rat fibroblasts and to a lesser extent by LLC-PK1 and Caco-2 cells. In J774 macrophages, the level of accumulation reached a plateau (at 370-fold the extracellular(More)
(1980). Adherence of bacteria to hydrocarbons: a simple method for measuring cell-surface hydrophobicity. Increased cell wall thickness and its effects on potential virulence properties of tetracycline-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Induction of fibronectin-binding proteins and increased adhesion of quinolone-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by(More)
BACKGROUND Listeria monocytogenes tends to survive in phagocytes. Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) protects mice against L. monocytogenes infection, and mice knocked out for the GM-CSF gene are more susceptible to these infections. METHODS THP-1 cells were used to characterize the GM-CSF receptor (binding isotherms; STAT5(More)
Correspondence Activity of β-lactams (ampicillin, meropenem), gentamicin, azithromycin and moxifloxacin against intracellular Listeria monocytogenes in a 24 h THP-1 human macrophage model Sir, Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative intracellular organism causing persistent and life-threatening infections. Recurrence and dissemination of the infection is(More)