Stéphane Brézillon

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Natural peptides displaying agonist activity on the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR54 were isolated from human placenta. These 54-, 14,- and 13-amino acid peptides, with a common RF-amide C terminus, derive from the product of KiSS-1, a metastasis suppressor gene for melanoma cells, and were therefore designated kisspeptins. They bound with low(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages are professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that play key roles in both innate and adaptive immunity. ChemR23 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor related to chemokine receptors, which is expressed specifically in these cell types. Here we present the characterization of chemerin, a novel chemoattractant(More)
We have cloned and expressed a novel human G-protein-coupled receptor closely related to the human P2Y(12) receptor. It corresponds to the orphan receptor called GPR86. GPR86 proved to be a G(i)-coupled receptor displaying a high affinity for ADP, similar to the P2Y(12) receptor and can therefore be tentatively called P2Y(13). In 1321N1 cells, the P2Y(13)(More)
1. Neuropeptides FF (NPFF) and AF (NPAF) are involved in pain modulation and opioid tolerance. These peptides were known to act through uncharacterized G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR). We describe here, using an aequorin-based assay as screening tool, that an orphan GPCR, previously designated HLWAR77, is a functional high affinity receptor for NPFF and(More)
GPR7 and GPR8 are two structurally related orphan G protein-coupled receptors, presenting high similarities with opioid and somatostatin receptors. Two peptides, L8 and L8C, derived from a larger precursor, were recently described as natural ligands for GPR8 (Mori, M., Shimomura, Y., Harada, M., Kurihara, M., Kitada, C., Asami, T., Matsumoto, Y., Adachi,(More)
Recent studies on teleost fish have suggested that their genomes have undergone ancient polyploidization events resulting in the duplication of the genome. A duplicate copy of the Na,K-ATPase beta(1)-isoform (called beta(233)) has been identified in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). The beta(233)-isoform shares high levels of nucleotide (74.8%) and(More)
JP05, also called GPR72 or GIR, is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor, GPCR, showing significant structural similarity to the tachykinin receptors. The anatomical distribution of JP05 mRNA was first described in the central nervous system of the mouse, and recently the human JP05 orphan receptor gene has been cloned. In the present study the distribution(More)
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), including acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are produced at high concentration by bacteria in the gut and subsequently released in the bloodstream. Basal acetate concentrations in the blood (about 100 microm) can further increase to millimolar concentrations following alcohol intake. It was known previously that SCFAs can(More)
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