Stéphane Besson

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A nitrate reductase was solubilized with Triton X-100 from the membranes of Pseudomonas chlororaphis DSM 50135 grown microaerobically in the presence of nitrate. Like other membrane-bound nitrate reductases, it contains three subunits, of 129, 66 (64) and 24 kDa, referred to in the literature as alpha, beta and gamma, respectively. Electrocatalytic studies(More)
Two azurins (Az624 and Az626) were isolated from the soluble extract of two strains of Pseudomonas chlororaphis, DSM 50083(T) and DSM 50135, respectively, grown under microaerobic conditions with nitrate as final electron acceptor. The azurins, purified to electrophoretic homogeneity in three chromatographic steps, exhibit several peculiar properties. They(More)
Membrane-bound nitrate reductase from Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus 617 can be solubilized in either of two ways that will ultimately determine the presence or absence of the small (Ι) subunit. The enzyme complex (NarGHI) is composed of three subunits with molecular masses of 130, 65, and 20 kDa. This enzyme contains approximately 14 Fe, 0.8 Mo, and(More)
The intermolecular electron transfer kinetics between nitrite reductase (NiR, cytochrome cd 1) isolated from Pseudomonas nautica and three cytochromes c isolated from the same strain, as well as the intramolecular electron transfer between NiR heme c and NiR heme d 1, were investigated by cyclic voltammetry. All cytochromes (cytochrome c 552, cytochrome c(More)
The cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNiR) from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ATCC 27774 is able to reduce nitrite to ammonia in a six-electron transfer reaction. Although extensively characterized from the spectroscopic and structural points-of-view, some of its kinetic aspects are still under explored. In this work the kinetic behaviour of ccNiR has been(More)
The nitrite reductase (Nir) isolated from Pseudomonas chlororaphis DSM 50135 is a blue enzyme, with type 1 and type 2 copper centers, as in all copper-containing Nirs described so far. For the first time, a direct determination of the reduction potentials of both copper centers in a Cu-Nir was performed: type 2 copper (T2Cu), 172 mV and type 1 copper(More)
Cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductases (cd1NiRs) catalyze the reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide in denitrifying bacteria, such as Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus. Previous work demonstrated that the enzymatic activity depends on a structural pre-activation triggered by the entry of electrons through the electron transfer (ET) domain, which houses a heme c(More)
A novel mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium, EMSSDQ(4)(T), was isolated from olive mill wastewater in the semi-arid region of Morocco (Marrakech). Cells were Gram-negative, catalase-positive, straight rods that were non-motile and non-spore-forming and contained cytochrome c(3) and desulfoviridin. The DNA G+C content was 65.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis(More)