Stéphane Besson

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Two azurins (Az624 and Az626) were isolated from the soluble extract of two strains of Pseudomonas chlororaphis, DSM 50083(T) and DSM 50135, respectively, grown under microaerobic conditions with nitrate as final electron acceptor. The azurins, purified to electrophoretic homogeneity in three chromatographic steps, exhibit several peculiar properties. They(More)
Membrane-bound nitrate reductase from Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus 617 can be solubilized in either of two ways that will ultimately determine the presence or absence of the small (Iota) subunit. The enzyme complex (NarGHI) is composed of three subunits with molecular masses of 130, 65, and 20 kDa. This enzyme contains approximately 14 Fe, 0.8 Mo, and(More)
A novel mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium, EMSSDQ(4)(T), was isolated from olive mill wastewater in the semi-arid region of Morocco (Marrakech). Cells were Gram-negative, catalase-positive, straight rods that were non-motile and non-spore-forming and contained cytochrome c(3) and desulfoviridin. The DNA G+C content was 65.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis(More)
The nitrite reductase (Nir) isolated from Pseudomonas chlororaphis DSM 50135 is a blue enzyme, with type 1 and type 2 copper centers, as in all copper-containing Nirs described so far. For the first time, a direct determination of the reduction potentials of both copper centers in a Cu-Nir was performed: type 2 copper (T2Cu), 172 mV and type 1 copper(More)
The cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNiR) from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ATCC 27774 is able to reduce nitrite to ammonia in a six-electron transfer reaction. Although extensively characterized from the spectroscopic and structural points-of-view, some of its kinetic aspects are still under explored. In this work the kinetic behaviour of ccNiR has been(More)
We first studied the uptake and excretion of the dye BSP by the isolated and perfused rat liver and by the rat liver in vivo. We then studied BSP-glutathion conjugation with these same methods. We found that benziodarone which induces a marked decrease of conjugation is able to inhibit in vitro the combination BSP-glutathion.
A nitrate reductase was solubilized with Triton X-100 from the membranes of Pseudomonas chlororaphis DSM 50135 grown microaerobically in the presence of nitrate. Like other membrane-bound nitrate reductases, it contains three subunits, of 129, 66 (64) and 24 kDa, referred to in the literature as alpha, beta and gamma, respectively. Electrocatalytic studies(More)
Phenelzin, a monoamine oxydase inhibitor, administered in vivo, in rats, slowed down the initial velocity of isoniazid acetylation in isolated perfused liver. After in vitro addition in perfusion medium phenelzin decreased as well the initial velocity of acetylation as the total amount of acetylated substrate.