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Chlorinated paraffins (CPs), as technical mixtures of polychlorinated alkanes (PCAs), are ubiquitous in the environment. CPs tend to behave in a similar way to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), leading several countries to impose regulations on the use of CPs. In this article, we review the literature on the properties of CPs, the current analytical(More)
Recent studies have raised concern over the presence of high levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in farmed fish relative to wild specimens of the same species, particularly salmon. Although cooking is known to reduce the burden of POPs in fish, the mechanisms of loss/degradation are not clearly understood. This study investigated the loss of(More)
Although their ecological and socioeconomic importance has received recent attention, mangrove ecosystems are one of the most threatened tropical environments. Besides direct clearance, hydrological alterations, climatic changes or insect infestations, chemical pollution could be a significant contributor of mangrove degradation. The present paper reviews(More)
There are currently a limited number of techniques to study nickel speciation in aqueous samples. This work reports on the use of the permeation liquid membrane (PLM) for that objective. In this paper, the composition of the organic phase was studied to maximize the Ni flux (thus the sensitivity of the device) over a wide Ni2+ concentration range (50 nM to(More)
An insight into the dynamic aspects of the accumulation process is essential for understanding bioaccumulation as well as effect studies of hydrophobic organic chemicals. This review presents an overview of kinetic studies with organisms (fish, bivalve, crustacean, insect, worm, algae, and protozoan) as well as passive samplers (solid and liquid phase(More)
Bioaccumulation and metabolism of p,p'-DDT was studied in the marine carnivorous fish Lates calcarifer, Asian seabass, in a controlled aquaculture experiment. Over a 42-d period, seabass were fed pellets dosed with p,p'-DDT at environmentally realistic levels. Virtually all p,p'-DDT in pellets bioaccumulated in the fish with an uptake efficiency of 98%. The(More)
The green mussel, Perna viridis, was used in this study to measure levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and, for the first time, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in the marine environment. Samples were collected from eight different locations in the coastal waters of Singapore between April and May 2002. Forty-one PCB and 21 PBDE congeners were(More)
In this study, persistent organic pollutants were quantified in sediments, subsurface seawater, sea-surface microlayer and twenty-four biota species collected at two separate mangrove habitats in Singapore. Data confirmed the ubiquity of POPs, including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), in the marine environment of Singapore. A biomagnification(More)
The fate and exposure risks of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in marine environments are not well-understood. In this study we developed a multi-residue analytical method for quantifying concentrations of forty target compounds in seawater from Singapore. Analyses of samples (n = 24) from eight sites(More)