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INTRODUCTION The main objective of all the sagittal compensating mechanisms is to allow a subject to stand and keep an erect position. MATERIALS AND METHODS The cascade of compensating mechanisms appears progressively with the increasing amount of imbalance of the spine until compensation is no longer possible. The loss of lumbar lordosis can be(More)
INTRODUCTION Treatment of spine imbalance by posterior osteotomy is a valuable technique. Several surgical techniques have been developed and proposed to redress the vertebral column in harmonious kyphosis in order to recreate correct sagittal alignment. Although surgical techniques proved to be adequate, preoperative planning still is mediocre. Multiple(More)
The objective of this research was to carry out an in vitro and in vivo study of the biological performance of PLLA/beta-TCP composite materials, to estimate the scope of their potential applications in bone surgery. Samples with increasing beta-TCP (0-60% w/w) contents were processed by injection molding. The in vitro study consisted of an evaluation of(More)
Prospective study. To study the validity of Hybrid construction (Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion) ALIF at one level and total disc arthroplasty (TDA) at adjacent, for two levels disc disease in lumbar spine as surgical strategy. With growing evidence that fusion constructs in the treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) may alter sagittal balance and(More)
PURPOSE Pedicle subtraction osteotomies (PSO) enable correction of spinal deformities but remain difficult and are associated with high complication rates. This study aimed to prospectively review different post-operative complications and mechanical problems in patients who underwent PSO as treatment for sagittal imbalance as sequelae of degenerative disc(More)
The measure of radiographic pelvic and spinal parameters for sagittal balance analysis has gained importance in reconstructive surgery of the spine and particularly in degenerative spinal diseases (DSD). Fusion in the lumbar spine may result in loss of lumbar lordosis (LL), with possible compensatory mechanisms: decreased sacral slope (SS), increased pelvic(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this prospective study was to assess the sagittal alignment of the spine and pelvis before and after surgical treatment of isthmic spondylolisthesis with flat sacrum. At the same time, the functional outcome was analyzed and correlation examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study comprises analysis of 30 subjects (mean age 43 years)(More)
Disc prosthesis is the new treatment for degenerative disc disease in the lumbar spine. Key to assessing the interest in this new motion technique is evaluating the results in terms of functional and radiologic outcomes. This prospective study reports the outcome of 64 Maverick devices implanted between January 2002 and November 2003. The degree of(More)
INTRODUCTION It has become well recognised that sagittal balance of the spine is the result of an interaction between the spine and the pelvis. Knee flexion is considered to be the last compensatory mechanism in case of sagittal imbalance, but only few studies have insisted on the relationship between spino-pelvic parameters and lower extremity parameters.(More)