Stéphan Schaub

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The Microbiological Criteria (MC) is a set of parameters used to determine whether a specific lot of food is acceptable or not. These parameters are the microbial test protocol and its sensitivity, the confidence level that an unacceptable lot will be detected, the number of samples to be taken and the number of positive samples that are allowed before(More)
A rapid infiltration land wastewater application site, composed of unconsolidated silty sand and gravel, which has been in continuous operation for over 30 years was examined for the accumulation and/or migration of a tracer virus (coliphage f2), indigenous enteroviruses, and enteric indicator bacteria in the soils and underlying groundwater. Tracer f2(More)
Caliciviruses are disseminated by the fecal-oral route and are found in contaminated surface and ground waters. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is interested in preventing calicivirus contamination in treated waters used for consumption, and these viruses are on the EPA's "contaminant candidate list" for regulatory consideration in drinking(More)
Encephalomyocarditis viruses adsorb to introducted organic and inorganic solids in water over a wide range of pH and with various concentrations and species of metal cations. Visible flocculation of solids was not a prerequisite for significant virus association. Virus adsorption to natural solids in various types of natural waters was significant but(More)
<p>A generalized theoretical model for the response of a phase-Doppler particle analyzer (PDPA) to homogeneous, spherical particles passing at arbitrary locations through a crossed beam measurement volume is presented. The model is based on the arbitrary beam theory [J. Appl. Phys. 64, 1632 (19$8)] and is valid for arbitrary particle size and complex(More)
To select a tentative standard method for detection of viruses in sludge the American Society for Testing and Materials D19:24:04:04 Subcommittee Task Group initiated round robin comparative testing of two procedures that, after initial screening of several methodologies, were found to meet the basic criteria considered essential by the task group. Eight(More)
Through an application of our previously derived single spherical particle-arbitrary beam interaction theory, an iterative procedure has been developed for the determination of the electromagnetic field for a beam incident on two adjacent spherical particles. The two particles can differ in size and composition and can have any positioning relative to each(More)
Microbiological aerosols were measured on a spray irrigation site at Fort Huachuca, Ariz. Indigenous bacteria and tracer bacteriophage were sampled from sprays of chlorinated and unchlorinated secondary-treatment wastewaters during day and night periods. Aerosol dispersal and downwind migration were determined. Bacterial and coliphage f2 aerosols were(More)
We present fundamental studies examining the design of a phase/Doppler laser light-scattering system applicable to on-line measurements of small-diameter (<15 mum) fibers during fiberglass manufacturing. We first discuss off-line diameter measurement techniques currently used in the fiberglass industry and outline the limitations and problems associated(More)
The time history of elastically scattered incident radiation (ESIR) is presented for 60-microm-diameter water droplets irradiated by KrF (lambda = 248 nm) laser pulses with power densities in the range of 1-200 GW/cm(2). The ESIR shows a distinct two-peak structure that is dependent on the incident irradiance. The time delay between the arrival of the(More)