Stéphan Cuiné

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BACKGROUND When cultivated under stress conditions, many microalgae species accumulate both starch and oil (triacylglycerols). The model green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has recently emerged as a model to test genetic engineering or cultivation strategies aiming at increasing lipid yields for biodiesel production. Blocking starch synthesis has been(More)
Transcriptional regulation in response to cadmium treatment was investigated in both roots and leaves of Arabidopsis, using the whole genome CATMA microarray containing at least 24,576 independent probe sets. Arabidopsis plants were hydroponically treated with low (5 microM) or high (50 microM) cadmium concentrations during 2, 6, and 30 hours. At each time(More)
The chloroplastic drought-induced stress protein of 32 kD (CDSP32) is composed of two thioredoxin modules and is induced by environmental and oxidative stress conditions. We investigated whether the plastidic protein BAS1, which is related to eubacterial 2-Cys peroxiredoxin, is a target for CDSP32. Using a CDSP32 active-site mutant, we showed that the BAS1(More)
Under sulfur deprivation conditions, the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces hydrogen in the light in a sustainable manner thanks to the contribution of two pathways, direct and indirect. In the direct pathway, photosystem II (PSII) supplies electrons to hydrogenase through the photosynthetic electron transport chain, while in the indirect(More)
In animal cells, yeast and bacteria, thioredoxins are known to participate in the response to oxidative stress. We recently identified a novel type of plant thioredoxin named CDSP 32 for chloroplastic drought-induced stress protein of 32 kDa. In the present work, we measured comparable increases in the glutathione oxidation ratio and in the level of(More)
The chloroplastic drought-induced stress protein of 32 kDa (CDSP32) is a thioredoxin induced by environmental stress conditions. To gain insight into the function of CDSP32, we applied two strategies to analyze its targets. First, using affinity chromatography with an immobilized CDSP32 active site mutant, we identified six plastidic targets of CDSP32.(More)
Oil bodies are sites of energy and carbon storage in many organisms including microalgae. As a step toward deciphering oil accumulation mechanisms in algae, we used proteomics to analyze purified oil bodies from the model microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii grown under nitrogen deprivation. Among the 248 proteins (≥ 2 peptides) identified by LC-MS/MS, 33(More)
In green plants, the xanthophyll carotenoid zeaxanthin is synthesized transiently under conditions of excess light energy and participates in photoprotection. In the Arabidopsis lut2 npq2 double mutant, all xanthophylls were replaced constitutively by zeaxanthin, the only xanthophyll whose synthesis was not impaired. The relative proportions of the(More)
The enzymatically synthesized thiol peptide phytochelatin (PC) plays a central role in heavy metal tolerance and detoxification in plants. In response to heavy metal exposure, the constitutively expressed phytochelatin synthase enzyme (PCS) is activated leading to synthesis of PCs in the cytosol. Recent attempts to increase plant metal accumulation and(More)
In photosynthetic eukaryotes, nonphotochemical plastoquinone (PQ) reduction is important for the regulation of photosynthetic electron flow. In green microalgae where this process has been demonstrated, the chloroplastic enzyme that catalyses nonphotochemical PQ reduction has not been identified yet. Here, we show by an RNA interference (RNAi) approach that(More)