Stéphan Cohen-Bacrie

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BACKGROUND Clinical microbiology may direct decisions regarding hospitalization, isolation and anti-infective therapy, but it is not effective at the time of early care. Point-of-care (POC) tests have been developed for this purpose. METHODS AND FINDINGS One pilot POC-lab was located close to the core laboratory and emergency ward to test the proof of(More)
Trained African giant-pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) can detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis and show potential for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). However, rats' ability to discriminate between clinical sputum containing other Mycobacterium spp. and nonmycobacterial species of the respiratory tract is unknown. It is also unknown whether(More)
The knowledge of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) genotypes responsible for lymphadenitis is limited. We retrospectively characterized all of the MAC isolates made in our laboratory in the last 18 years by sequence-based identification and genotyping, and compared the clinical and laboratory data for lymphadenitis-associated and(More)
Five persons in France were infected with Orf virus after skin wounds were exposed to infected sheep tissues during Eid al-Adha, the Muslim Feast of Sacrifice. Infections were confirmed by electron microscopy, PCR, and sequence analysis. Prevention and control of this underdiagnosed disease can be achieved by educating physicians, slaughterhouse workers,(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium chimaera is a recently described species within the Mycobacterium avium complex. Its pathogenicity in respiratory tract infection remains disputed. It has never been isolated during cystic fibrosis respiratory tract infection. CASE PRESENTATION An 11-year-old boy of Asian ethnicity who was born on Réunion Island presented to our(More)
Multidrug- (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) are reported to gradually spread across European countries with low TB prevalence including France. Some isolates may even accumulate traits of resistance in addition to the XDR profile, as a result of therapeutic mismanagement. We report here the first case of XDR TB in Marseilles and(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence rate of Nocardia keratitis is increasing, with new species identified thanks to molecular methods. We herein report a case of Nocardia transvalensis keratitis, illustrating this emerging pathology among travellers returning from Asia. CASE PRESENTATION A 23-year-old man presented with a 10-week history of ocular pain, redness, and(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in low-income countries is mainly done by microscopy. Hence, little is known about the diversity of Mycobacterium spp. in TB infections. Different genotypes or lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis vary in virulence and induce different inflammatory and immune responses. Trained Cricetomys rats show a potential for rapid(More)
Biological diagnosis of campylobacteriosis is increasingly necessary to confirm gastroenteritis infection. In this study, we reported the comparison of two new immunoenzymatic tests Ridascreen Campylobacter (r-biopharm(®)), premier Campy (Méridian(®)), and one immunochromatographic test, Immunocard Stat !Campy (Méridian(®)) which allow the fast detection of(More)