Sriyani Pathirathna

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Recent data indicate that T-type Ca2+ channels are amplifiers of peripheral pain signals, but their involvement in disorders of sensory neurons such as those associated with diabetes is poorly understood. To address this issue, we used a combination of behavioral, immunohistological, molecular, and electrophysiological studies in rats with streptozotocin(More)
OBJECTIVE Morbid obesity may be accompanied by diabetes and painful diabetic neuropathy, a poorly understood condition that is manifested by mechanical or thermal allodynia and hyperalgesia. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of T-type calcium channels (T-channels) in peripheral nociception; therefore, our goal was to examine the function of(More)
5alpha-reduced neuroactive steroids with selective modulatory action in vitro on T or combined modulatory action on T and GABA(A) currents present in peripheral sensory neurons have been shown to induce potent peripheral analgesia in vivo in intact animals. Although the role of T and GABA(A) currents in pathophysiology of neuropathic pain (NPP) is not(More)
Recent data indicate that peripheral T-type Ca2+ channels are instrumental in supporting acute pain transmission. However, the function of these channels in chronic pain processing is less clear. To address this issue, we studied the expression of T-type Ca2+ currents in small nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells from L4-5 spinal ganglia of adult(More)
Neuropathic pain (NPP) due to sensory nerve injury is, in part, the result of peripheral sensitization leading to a long-lasting increase in synaptic plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn. Thus, activation of GABA-mediated inhibitory inputs from sensory neurons could be beneficial in the alleviation of NPP symptoms. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) conduct painful(More)
Neurosteroids are potent blockers of neuronal low-voltage activated (T-type) Ca(2+) channels and potentiators of GABA(A) ligand-gated channels, but their effects in peripheral pain pathways have not been studied previously. To investigate potential analgesic effects and the ion channels involved, we tested the ability of locally injected 5alpha-reduced(More)
Previous in vivo studies indicate that locally injected redox-modulating agents can sensitize polymodal peripheral skin nociceptors resulting in acute changes in pain perception. Since endogenous thiol-modifying redox agents are normally present in the interstitial tissue, and could be found in higher concentration in certain conditions (e.g., tissue(More)
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels expressed in neurons may contribute to nociceptive information processing. However, the role of L-type Ca(2+) channels in pain transmission is not well understood. In this study, we examined the effects of systemically administered verapamil, an antihypertensive agent and L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker, on mechanical and thermal(More)
T-type Ca(2+) channels are believed to play an important role in pain perception, and anesthetic steroids such as alphaxalone and allopregnanolone, which have a 5alpha-configuration at the steroid A, B ring fusion, are known to inhibit T-type Ca(2+) channels and cause analgesia in a thermal nociceptive model (Soc Neurosci Abstr 29:657.9, 2003). To define(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropathic pain (NPP) is likely the result of repetitive high-frequency bursts of peripheral afferent activity leading to long-lasting changes in synaptic plasticity in the spinal dorsal horn. Drugs that promote γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) activity in the dorsal horn provide partial relief of neuropathic symptoms. The authors examined how in vivo(More)
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