Srinivasan V. Ramanan

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The gating parameters of human connexin 43 (Cx43) gap junction channels were determined using dual whole cell patch clamp and methods designed for analysis of multichannel recordings. Under steady-state conditions, the mean open time (MOT) of Cx43 gap junction channels was computed and it ranged from 0.43 to 5.25 s. The computed mean closed times (MCT)(More)
We consider time slot interchangers (TSIs) which are built from 2×2 exchange switches and delays and which are useful for time division multiplexed (TDM) systems in telecommunications and pipelined systems such as time multiplexed optical multipro-cessors. We formulate a general method for constructing TSIs based on multistage inter-connection networks in(More)
The gating behavior of human connexin 37 (hCx37) is unaffected by the nature of the bathing monovalent (for Na, K, Rb). It is modified by [Mg] in the millimolar range. For fitting the kinetics, we propose a simple extension to three states of the canonical 2-state model of the hemichannel. The extra closed state allows for some immobilization of a(More)
The single-channel conductance of the hCx37 homotypic gap junction channel does not saturate with transjunctional voltages up to +/-75 mV, nor does it depend linearly on the intracellular electrolyte concentration. The average maximum unitary conductances measured in KCl were 175 pS (30 mM), 236 pS (55 mM), 343 pS (110 mM), and 588 pS (270 mM) in the(More)
Homomeric gap junction channels are composed solely of one connexin type, whereas heterotypic forms contain two homomeric hemichannels but the six identical connexins of each are different from each other. A heteromeric gap junction channel is one that contains different connexins within either or both hemichannels. The existence of heteromeric forms has(More)
The diffusion of the three fluorescent probes dichlorofluorescein, carboxyfluorescein, and Lucifer Yellow within the septate median giant axon of the earthworm was monitored using fluorometric methods. A diffusion model was derived that allowed computation of the apparent axoplasmic diffusion coefficient, junctional membrane permeability (septal membranes),(More)
Gap junction channels are an integral part of the conduction or propagation of an action potential from cell to cell. Gap junctions have rather unique gating and permeability properties which permit the movement of molecules from cell to cell. These molecules may not be directly linked to action potentials but can alter nonjunctional processes within cells,(More)
A model tissue is proposed in which chemically responsive cells are interconnected by gap junctions and innervated by the autonomic nervous system. The model is explicitly dependent on the following physiologically relevant assumptions: (1) a fraction of the cells are directly innervated, and these cells respond to a periodic neuronal stimulus (i.e. the(More)
We have studied multichannel patch-clamp recordings in earthworm axon septal membranes that contain gap junctions. Though all channels have the same conductance and selectivity, the probabilities of the conductance levels in the majority of the recordings could not be fit by assuming independent and identical channels; in these cases, we found that at least(More)