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The plasma profile of subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), steatosis, and steatohepatitis (NASH) was examined using an untargeted global metabolomic analysis to identify specific disease-related patterns and to identify potential noninvasive biomarkers. Plasma samples were obtained after an overnight fast from histologically confirmed(More)
BACKGROUND The bile acid derivative 6-ethylchenodeoxycholic acid (obeticholic acid) is a potent activator of the farnesoid X nuclear receptor that reduces liver fat and fibrosis in animal models of fatty liver disease. We assessed the efficacy of obeticholic acid in adult patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. METHODS We did a multicentre,(More)
The profiles of patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) from developing countries have not been reported earlier. The current study was conducted prospectively, at a single tertiary care center in India, to document the demographic and clinical characteristics, natural course, and causative profile of patients with FHF as well as to define simple(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is common and severe in patients with diabetes mellitus. Although, there are no effective treatments for NASH in diabetic patients, preliminary reports suggest that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may be beneficial in these patients. AIM A prospective, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study (NCT(More)
Asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) are produced by breakdown of proteins that have been methylated posttranslationally at an arginine residue. Plasma levels of ADMA are elevated in insulin resistance states. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with insulin resistance and varying degrees of hepatic dysfunction. Because(More)
OBJECTIVE Fresh frozen plasma infusions are commonly used to correct the prolonged prothrombin time in patients with advanced chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to establish how frequently this treatment is effective in correcting this coagulopathy. METHODS A split retrospective-prospective study design was employed. In the retrospective(More)
UNLABELLED Skeletal muscle loss (sarcopenia) is a major clinical complication in alcoholic cirrhosis with no effective therapy. Skeletal muscle autophagic proteolysis and myostatin expression (inhibitor of protein synthesis) are increased in cirrhosis and believed to contribute to anabolic resistance. A prospective study was performed to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND A possible association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hypothyroidism has been suggested. The recognized link between hypothyroidism and elements of the metabolic syndrome may explain this association. AIM The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism in a cohort of patients with NAFLD and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The distinct role of portosystemic shunting (PSS) in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia (skeletal muscle loss) that occurs commonly in cirrhosis is unclear. We have previously shown increased expression of myostatin (inhibitor of skeletal muscle mass) in the portacaval anastamosis (PCA) rat model of sarcopenia of PSS. The present study was(More)