Srinivas V. Kaveri

Learn More
Atherosclerosis is associated with immune activation. T cells and macrophages infiltrate atherosclerotic plaques and disease progression is associated with formation of autoantibodies to oxidized lipoproteins. In the apo E knockout mouse, a genetic model of cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis, congenital deficiency of macrophages, lymphocytes, or(More)
C1q is the recognition subunit of the first component of the classical complement pathway. It participates in clearance of immune complexes and apoptotic cells as well as in defense against pathogens. Inappropriate activation of the complement contributes to cellular and tissue damage in different pathologies, urging the need for the development of(More)
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a chaperone molecule for procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII). Its role in the reduction of the immunogenicity of therapeutic FVIII in patients with hemophilia A has been evoked but lacks clear cellular and molecular rationale. Here, we demonstrate that VWF protects FVIII from being endocytosed by human dendritic cells (DCs) and(More)
Various pathological processes are accompanied by release of high amounts of free heme into the circulation. We demonstrated by kinetic, thermodynamic, and spectroscopic analyses that antibodies have an intrinsic ability to bind heme. This binding resulted in a decrease in the conformational freedom of the antibody paratopes and in a change in the nature of(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile childhood vasculitis, associated with the development of coronary artery abnormalities in 25-30% of untreated patients. The aetiopathogenesis is not well known but it is accepted that an undefined infectious trigger in genetically predisposed individuals results in the disease. KD is characterized by an endothelial(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is increasingly used in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including vasculitides and Kawasaki disease. However, the outcome of IVIg interaction with endothelial cells of the vascular bed is not clear as yet. We have investigated the effect of IVIg on the in vitro activation of human endothelial cells,(More)
Several therapeutic self-proteins elicit immune responses when administered to patients. Such adverse immune responses reduce drug efficacy. To induce an immune response, a protein must interact with different immune cells, including antigen-presenting cells, T cells, and B cells. Each cell type recognizes distinct immunogenic patterns on antigens.(More)
The evaluation of antibody avidity by elution with chaotropic agents is a frequently used approach in research and diagnostics. It provides important information on the functional relevance of antibodies. However, in the literature, there is a large heterogeneity in the experimental settings for the determination of this important parameter. Here, we(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by the spontaneous occurrence of inhibitory antibodies against endogenous factor VIII (FVIII). IgG from some patients with acquired hemophilia hydrolyze FVIII. Because of the complex etiology of the disease, no clinical parameter, including the presence of FVIII-hydrolyzing IgG, has been(More)
Procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) is either produced endogenously under physiologic conditions, or administered exogenously as a therapeutic hemostatic drug in patients with hemophilia A. In the circulation, FVIII interacts with a multitude of glycoproteins, and may be used for coagulation at the sites of bleeding, eliminated by scavenger cells, or processed(More)