Srinivas V. Kaveri

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Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a chaperone molecule for procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII). Its role in the reduction of the immunogenicity of therapeutic FVIII in patients with hemophilia A has been evoked but lacks clear cellular and molecular rationale. Here, we demonstrate that VWF protects FVIII from being endocytosed by human dendritic cells (DCs) and(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is increasingly used in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including vasculitides and Kawasaki disease. However, the outcome of IVIg interaction with endothelial cells of the vascular bed is not clear as yet. We have investigated the effect of IVIg on the in vitro activation of human endothelial cells,(More)
Procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) is either produced endogenously under physiologic conditions, or administered exogenously as a therapeutic hemostatic drug in patients with hemophilia A. In the circulation, FVIII interacts with a multitude of glycoproteins, and may be used for coagulation at the sites of bleeding, eliminated by scavenger cells, or processed(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare hemorrhagic disorder caused by the spontaneous appearance of inhibitory autoantibodies directed against endogenous coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). Inhibitory Abs also arise in patients with congenital hemophilia A as alloantibodies directed to therapeutic FVIII. Both autoimmune and alloimmune inhibitors neutralize FVIII by(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), a major cause of late allograft failure, is characterized by a progressive decline in graft function correlated with tissue destruction. Uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade by the stressed endothelium of the graft is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of CAN. In this study, we(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) link hemostasis, thrombosis, and complement. ECs synthesize both the clotting initiator von Willebrand factor (VWF) and the complement regulator factor H (FH). VWF is stored in EC Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), but the intracellular location of FH is not well defined. We found that FH colocalizes with VWF in WPBs of human(More)
An Ab molecule or a BCR that is able to bind multiple structurally unrelated Ags is defined as polyreactive. Polyreactive Abs and BCRs constitute an important part of immune repertoires under physiological conditions and may play essential roles in immune defense and in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. In this review, we integrate and discuss(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by the spontaneous occurrence of inhibitory antibodies against endogenous factor VIII (FVIII). IgG from some patients with acquired hemophilia hydrolyze FVIII. Because of the complex etiology of the disease, no clinical parameter, including the presence of FVIII-hydrolyzing IgG, has been(More)
T cell-dependent autoimmune diseases are characterized by the expansion of T cell clones that recognize immunodominant epitopes on the target antigen. As a consequence, for a given autoimmune disorder, pathogenic T cell clones express T cell receptors with a limited number of variable regions that define antigenic specificity. Qa-1, a MHC class I-like(More)
Autoimmunity refers to an inappropriate immune response against self-components of the host that results in pathological conditions. Autoimmune diseases are characterized by an activation of autore-active T and B cells, are associated in some cases with the production of patho-genic autoantibodies against self-molecules , culminating in inflammation and(More)