Srinivas Rao Kasibhatla

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Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone protein implicated in stabilizing the conformation and maintaining the function of many cell-signaling proteins. Many oncogenic proteins are more dependent on Hsp90 in maintaining their conformation, stability, and maturation than their normal counterparts. Furthermore, recent data show that Hsp90(More)
In type 2 diabetes, the liver produces excessive amounts of glucose through the gluconeogenesis (GNG) pathway and consequently is partly responsible for the elevated glucose levels characteristic of the disease. In an effort to find safe and efficacious GNG inhibitors, we targeted the AMP binding site of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase). The hydrophilic(More)
Excessive glucose production by the liver coupled with decreased glucose uptake and metabolism by muscle, fat, and liver results in chronically elevated blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Efforts to treat diabetes by reducing glucose production have largely focused on the gluconeogenesis pathway and rate-limiting enzymes within this(More)
We report on the discovery of benzo- and pyridino- thiazolothiopurines as potent heat shock protein 90 inhibitors. The benzothiazole moiety is exceptionally sensitive to substitutions on the aromatic ring with a 7'-substituent essential for activity. Some of these compounds exhibit low nanomolar inhibition activity in a Her-2 degradation assay (28-150 nM),(More)
Inhibition of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) results in the degradation of oncoproteins that drive malignant progression, inducing cell death, making Hsp90 a target of substantial interest for cancer therapy. BIIB021 is a novel, fully synthetic inhibitor of Hsp90 that binds competitively with geldanamycin in the ATP-binding pocket of Hsp90. In tumor cells,(More)
AMP binding sites are commonly used by nature for allosteric regulation of enzymes controlling the production and metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. Since many of these enzymes represent potential drug targets for metabolic diseases, efforts were initiated to discover AMP mimics that bind to AMP-binding sites with high affinity and high enzyme(More)
Oral delivery of previously disclosed purine and benzimidazole fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) inhibitors via prodrugs failed, which was likely due to their high molecular weight (>600). Therefore, a smaller scaffold was desired, and a series of phosphonic acid-containing thiazoles, which exhibited high potency against human liver FBPase (IC(50) of(More)
A highly potent AMP deaminase (AMPDA) inhibitor series was discovered by replacing the N3 substitutents of the two lead AMPDA inhibitor series with a conformationally restricted group. The most potent compound, 3-[2-(3-carboxy-4-bromo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyl)ethyl]-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol (24b), represents a 10- to 250-fold(More)
Orally active Hsp90 inhibitors are of interest as potential chemotherapeutic agents. Recently, fully synthetic 8-benzyladenines and 8-sulfanyladenines such as 4 were disclosed as Hsp90 inhibitors, but these compounds are not water soluble and consequently have unacceptably low oral bioavailabilities. We now report that water-solubility can be achieved by(More)
Like most phosphonic acids, the recently discovered potent and selective thiazole phosphonic acid inhibitors of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) exhibited low oral bioavailability (OBAV) and therefore required a prodrug to achieve oral efficacy. Syntheses of known phosphonate prodrugs did not afford the desired OBAV; hence, a new class of prodrugs was(More)