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Antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell tolerance, induced by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), is one of the main mechanisms of tumor escape. Using in vivo models, we show here that MDSCs directly disrupt the binding of specific peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) dimers to CD8-expressing T cells through nitration of tyrosines in a T-cell receptor(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs), a type of professional antigen-presenting cells, are responsible for initiation and maintenance of immune responses. Here we report that a substantial proportion of DCs in tumor-bearing mice and people with cancer have high amounts of triglycerides as compared with DCs from tumor-free mice and healthy individuals. In our studies,(More)
Polymicrobial sepsis alters the adaptive immune response and induces T cell suppression and Th2 immune polarization. We identify a GR-1(+)CD11b(+) population whose numbers dramatically increase and remain elevated in the spleen, lymph nodes, and bone marrow during polymicrobial sepsis. Phenotypically, these cells are heterogeneous, immature, predominantly(More)
Accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) associated with inhibition of dendritic cell (DC) differentiation is one of the major immunological abnormalities in cancer and leads to suppression of antitumor immune responses. The molecular mechanism of this phenomenon remains unclear. We report here that STAT3-inducible up-regulation of the(More)
Large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels are very prominently expressed in adrenal chromaffin and many anterior pituitary cells, where they shape intrinsic excitability complexly. Stress- and sex-steroids regulate alternative splicing of Slo-alpha, the pore-forming subunit of BK channels, and chronic behavioural stress has been shown to(More)
Modulation of the immune system by genetically modified immunological effector cells is of potential therapeutic value in the treatment of malignancies. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a crucial cytokine which induces potent antitumor response. Cytokine-induced killer cells (CIK) have been described as highly efficient cytotoxic effector cells capable of lysing(More)
With the advent of the rapidly growing field of nanotechnology that has ushered new opportunities to develop multifunctional biomedical nanoparticles, nanoscientists are learning about the extra-and intracellular interactions with these nanoparticles. This special issue of Drug Delivery and Translational Research is dedicated to publishing selected(More)
We hypothesized that common and potentially deleterious rare variation in this pathway would be associated with severe asthma based on SARP cluster designation. Methods: To evaluate common variants (minor allele frequency or MAF .5%), 419 SARP non-Hispanic white participants with a cluster assignment were genotyped for 182 single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
  • T Mdzinarishvili, Gleason M X, Kinarsky L, Sherman S A Generalized Beta, Benner Ej, Banerjee R +34 others
  • 2009
Mechanism of all-trans retinoic acid effect on tumor-associated myeloid-derived suppressor cells. Evaluation of the influence of the internal aqueous solvent structure on electrostatic interactions at the protein-solvent interface by non-local continuum electrostatic approach. Altered recognition of antigen is a novel mechanism of CD8+ T cell tolerance in(More)
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