Srinivas Janaswamy

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The three-dimensional structure of the sodium salt of iota-carrageenan has been determined by using X-ray diffraction data collected from its polycrystalline and oriented fibers. The molecule forms a half-staggered, parallel, threefold, right-handed double helix that is stabilized by interchain hydrogen bonds from 2- and 6-hydroxyl groups in the galactosyl(More)
X-ray fiber diffraction analysis confirms that calcium iota-carrageenan forms a threefold, right-handed, half-staggered, parallel, double helix of pitch 26.42 A stabilized by interchain hydrogen bonds. According to the detailed structural results, three helices are packed in a trigonal unit cell (a=23.61 and c=13.21 A). Strong interactions between the(More)
This communication reports gelation of lambda-carrageenan, for the first time, in the presence of trivalent iron ions. Kappa-, iota- and lambda-carrageenans are sulfated polysaccharides used extensively in food, pharmaceutical and medical applications. Kappa- and iota-carrageenans show gelation in the presence of mono- and di-valent ions, but(More)
A molecular modeling study has revealed that (1 --> 3)-beta-D-galactan can not only adopt a triple helical structure similar to that of the corresponding glucan but can also accommodate a highly flexible beta-D-Gal-(1 --> 6)-beta-D-Gal disaccharide moiety as a side group 6-linked to every galactosyl unit in the main chain. The resulting triple helix,(More)
A low glycemic index starch was developed by partial alpha-amylase treatment, and its fine structure responsible for slowly digestible and resistant properties was investigated. Different digestion rates were obtained for gelatinized, retrograded starch by varying the enzyme dosage and reaction time. Analysis by high performance size-exclusion(More)
The effect of ripening temperature on rice (Oryza sativa) grain quality was evaluated by assessing starch structure and gelatinization, pasting, and cooking properties. As the ripening temperature increased, the amylose content and number of short amylopectin chains decreased, whereas intermediate amylopectin chains increased, resulting in higher(More)
Iota-carrageenan is used in pharmaceutical and food applications due to its ability to complex with other hydrocolloids and proteins. Six distinct cation dependent allomorphs, consistent with its versatile functionality, have so far been observed in the solid state. In this contribution, X-ray structural details of calcium iota-carrageenan (form III) are(More)
Since moisture loss of popcorn can cause an increase in the number of unpopped kernels, pericarp properties of popcorn hybrids were analyzed to understand factors affecting moisture loss rate during microwave heating. Differential scanning calorimetry profiles of ground pericarp displayed a notable exothermal event, and hybrids with superior microwave(More)
The overall objective of this research is to understand the impact of partial gelatinization and beta-amylase hydrolysis (beta-amylolysis) on the physicochemical properties of starch. Three starches (normal corn, waxy corn, and wheat) were chosen as test examples and thermally treated at 40% moisture content to up to 95 degrees C and then subjected to(More)
Microparticles were made by a water-in-oil emulsion technique from acid-hydrolyzed and debranched normal, waxy and high-amylose corn starches. The starches prepared had a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) ranging 3.6 × 10(7)-2.5 × 10(4), a polydispersity ranging 1.16-9.16, an apparent amylose content ranging 2.84-100%. These microparticles exhibited(More)