Srinidhi Nagaraja

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Ultrasound parameters (attenuation, phase velocity, and backscatter), bone mineral density (BMD), and microarchitectural features were measured on 29 human cancellous calcaneus samples in vitro. Regression analysis was performed to predict ultrasound parameters from BMD and microarchitectural features. The best univariate predictors of the ultrasound(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Approximately 25% of vertebroplasty patients experience subsequent fractures within 1 year of treatment, and vertebrae adjacent to the cemented level are up to three times more likely to fracture than those further away. The increased risk of adjacent fractures postaugmentation raises concerns that treatment of osteoporotic compression(More)
UNLABELLED Widespread poor vitamin D status, a health risk for bone disease, increases the need for new food sources of vitamin D. Light-exposed edible mushrooms synthesize vitamin D(2). Bioavailability, safety, and efficacy of high levels of vitamin D(2) from mushrooms to support bone health was established in chronically fed growing rats. INTRODUCTION(More)
OBJECT The aim in this study was to quantify the effects of vertebroplasty on endplate subsidence in treated and adjacent vertebrae and their relationship to endplate thickness and underlying trabecular bone in elderly female spines. METHODS Vertebral compression fractures were created in female cadaveric (age range 51-88 years) thoracolumbar spine(More)
UNLABELLED Reusable medical devices need to be cleaned prior to disinfection or sterilization and subsequent use to prevent infections. The cleanability of medical devices depends in part on the design of the device. This study examined how models of orthopedic medical devices of increasing complexity retain calcium phosphate bone cement, a relevant test(More)
Cervical intervertebral body fusion devices (IBFDs) are utilized to provide stability while fusion occurs in patients with cervical pathology. For a manufacturer to market a new cervical IBFD in the United States, substantial equivalence to a cervical IBFD previously cleared by FDA must be established through the 510(k) regulatory pathway. Mechanical(More)
While absorbable materials and medical devices primarily degrade through hydrolysis, their degradation kinetics are sensitive to environmental conditions, including temperature, pH, and mechanical loading. While there is some consistent information in the literature suggesting that strain controlled loading accelerates strength loss, there is much more(More)
Understanding the fatigue and durability performance of implantable cardiovascular stents is critical for assessing their performance. When the stent is manufactured from an absorbable material, however, this durability assessment is complicated by the transient nature of the device. Methodologies for evaluating the fatigue performance of absorbable stents(More)
OBJECTIVE Lumbar cages with integrated fixation screws offer a low-profile alternative to a standard cage with anterior supplemental fixation. However, the mechanical stability of integrated fixation cages (IFCs) compared with a cage with anterior plate fixation under fatigue loading has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare the(More)
While synthetic absorbable polymers have a substantial history of use in medical devices, their use is expanding and becoming more prevalent for devices where long term loading and structural support is required. In addition, there is evidence that current absorbable medical devices may experience permanent deformations, warping (out of plane twisting), and(More)