Srinidhi Nagaraja

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The balance between local remodeling and accumulation of trabecular bone microdamage is believed to play an important role in the maintenance of skeletal integrity. However, the local mechanical parameters associated with microdamage initiation are not well understood. Using histological damage labeling, micro-CT imaging, and image-based finite element(More)
Synthetic and naturally derived scaffold biomaterials in combination with osteogenic cells or bioactive factors have the potential to serve as bone graft substitutes. Porous poly(l-lactide-co-dl-lactide) (PLDL) scaffolds with mechanical properties comparable to trabecular bone and an oriented, interconnected porosity designed to enhance internal mass(More)
Accumulation of microdamage in aging and disease can cause skeletal fragility and is one of several factors contributing to osteoporotic fractures. To better understand the role of microdamage in fragility fracture, the mechanisms of bone failure must be elucidated on a tissue-level scale where interactions between bone matrix properties, the local(More)
Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems with large number of antennas have been gaining wide attention as they enable very high throughputs. A major impediment is the complexity at the receiver needed to detect the transmitted data. To this end we propose a new receiver, called LRR (Linear Regression of MMSE Residual), which improves the MMSE receiver(More)
Ultrasound parameters (attenuation, phase velocity, and backscatter), bone mineral density (BMD), and microarchitectural features were measured on 29 human cancellous calcaneus samples in vitro. Regression analysis was performed to predict ultrasound parameters from BMD and microarchitectural features. The best univariate predictors of the ultrasound(More)
Understanding the fatigue and durability performance of implantable cardiovascular stents is critical for assessing their performance. When the stent is manufactured from an absorbable material, however, this durability assessment is complicated by the transient nature of the device. Methodologies for evaluating the fatigue performance of absorbable stents(More)
With age, alterations occurring in bone quality, quantity, and microarchitecture affect the resistance of trabecular bone to local failure. The clinical implications of these changes are evident by the observed exponential increase in fracture incidence with age. Although age-related development of skeletal fragility is well established, it is unclear how(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Approximately 25% of vertebroplasty patients experience subsequent fractures within 1 year of treatment, and vertebrae adjacent to the cemented level are up to three times more likely to fracture than those further away. The increased risk of adjacent fractures postaugmentation raises concerns that treatment of osteoporotic compression(More)
Although microdamage is known to accumulate in trabecular bone with overloading and aging, the tissue-level stresses and strains associated with local bone failure are not well known. Local correlation of microdamage with microstructural stresses and strains requires methods to accurately register histological sections with micro-computed tomography(More)
While synthetic absorbable polymers have a substantial history of use in medical devices, their use is expanding and becoming more prevalent for devices where long term loading and structural support is required. In addition, there is evidence that current absorbable medical devices may experience permanent deformations, warping (out of plane twisting), and(More)