Srikumar B. Pillai

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The meso-Rex bypass procedure has been used to treat patients with portal hypertension from extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. This report describes modifications of this procedure in 5 patients. Either the splenic or coronary vein was used as the venous inflow point, and the bypass was performed either directly through transposition of the vein or with(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a mitogenic and chemotactic factor for cultured fibroblasts that has been implicated in wound healing, fibrotic disorders and uterine function. Although the primary translational products of the mouse, human and pig CTGF (mCTGF, hCTGF, pCTGF) genes are predicted to be secreted and of approximate M(r) 38,000, 10 kDa(More)
Testicular problems in children may be both congenital and acquired. These problems are often difficult to diagnose and carry significant sequelae if untreated. Early surgical consultation is often needed for correction of the problem. This article reviews the pathophysiology of the most common pediatric testicular abnormalities with emphasis on the(More)
Previous animal models of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion have been successful in causing considerable mucosal damage, cellular destruction and sepsis. However, this often results in the death of the animal, making it impossible to examine the effects of modulators of the ischemic event. The sequence of morphologic and physiologic changes in the bowel from(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown previously that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is cytoprotective for intestinal epithelial cells exposed to hypoxia in vitro. We now examine the effects of HB-EGF on the recovery of small intestine from ischemic injury in vivo. METHODS Segmental intestinal ischemia of 60-min duration was(More)
OBJECTIVE The outcome of patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has not improved in the last decade and surgical repair remains the mainstay of treatment. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether a volume-outcome relationship exists in the U.S. academic medical centers performing surgical repair of neonatal CDH. STUDY DESIGN A(More)
AIMS The optimal surgical treatment for extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) neonates with pneumoperitoneum is controversial. This study aimed to identify clinical factors associated with two known causes of pneumoperitoneum-necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), and assesses the treatment outcome with primary peritoneal(More)
PURPOSE Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) results in decreased levels of liver-dependent coagulation factors in children. We developed a rat model to test the hypothesis that lower factor levels associated with EHPVO were from diminished synthesis rather than increased consumption. METHODS A total of 8 rats (experimental group) underwent(More)
BACKGROUND During recovery from intestinal ischemic injury, there is rapid growth of intestinal epithelia with regeneration of damaged villi. This study examines the effects of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) on the recovery of intestinal epithelial cells exposed to hypoxia. METHODS The cytoprotective effects of HB-EGF were analyzed by(More)