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In kinetoplastid protozoa, import of cytosolic tRNAs into mitochondria occurs through tRNAs interacting with membrane-bound proteins, the identities of which are unknown. The inner membrane RNA import complex of Leishmania tropica contains multiple proteins and is active for import in vitro. RIC1, the largest subunit of this complex, is structurally(More)
miRNAs are largely known to base pair with the 3'UTR of target mRNAs, downregulating their stability and translation. mRNA of betaTrCP1 ubiquitin ligase is very unstable, but unlike the majority of mRNAs where 3'UTR determines the rate of mRNA turnover, betaTrCP1 mRNA contains cis-acting destabilizing elements within its coding region. Here we show that(More)
Transport of tRNAs across the inner mitochondrial membrane of the kinetoplastid protozoon Leishmania requires interactions with specific binding proteins (receptors) in a multi-subunit complex. The allosteric model of import regulation proposes cooperative and antagonistic interactions between two or more receptors with binding specificities for distinct(More)
Wnt and Hedgehog signaling pathways play central roles in embryogenesis, stem cell maintenance, and tumorigenesis. However, the mechanisms by which these two pathways interact are not well understood. Here, we identified a novel mechanism by which Wnt signaling pathway stimulates the transcriptional output of Hedgehog signaling. Wnt/beta-catenin signaling(More)
Intracellular parasitic protozoans of the genus Leishmania depend for their survival on the elaboration of enzymic and other mechanisms for evading toxic free-radical damage inflicted by their phagocytic macrophage host. One such mechanism may involve superoxide dismutase (SOD), which detoxifies reactive superoxide radicals produced by activated(More)
Alternative cleavage and polyadenylation generate multiple transcript variants of mRNA isoforms with different length of 3'-untranslated region (UTR). Alternative cleavage and polyadenylation enable differential post-transcriptional regulation of transcripts via the availability of different cis-acting elements in 3'-UTRs. Microphthalmia-associated(More)
Import of nucleus-encoded tRNAs into the mitochondria of the kinetoplastid protozoon Leishmania involves recognition of specific import signals by the membrane-bound import machinery. Multiple signals on different tRNA domains may be present, and further, importable RNAs interact positively (Type I) or negatively (Type II) with one another at the inner(More)
The mitochondrial genomes of a wide variety of species contain an insufficient number of functional tRNA genes, and translation of mitochondrial mRNAs is sustained by import of nucleus-encoded tRNAs. In Leishmania, transfer of tRNAs across the inner membrane can be regulated by positive and negative interactions between them. To define the factors involved(More)
Alternative cleavage and polyadenylation generates multiple transcript variants producing mRNA isoforms with different length 3'-UTRs. Alternative cleavage and polyadenylation enables differential post-transcriptional regulation via the availability of different cis-acting elements in 3'-UTRs. Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a(More)
Import of tRNAs into the mitochondria of the kinetoplastid protozoon Leishmania requires the tRNA-dependent hydrolysis of ATP leading to the generation of membrane potential through the pumping of protons. Subunit RIC1 of the inner membrane RNA import complex is a bi-functional protein that is identical to the alpha-subunit of F1F0 ATP synthase and(More)