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Photoacoustic imaging is an emerging modality that overcomes to a great extent the resolution and depth limitations of optical imaging while maintaining relatively high-contrast. However, since many diseases will not manifest an endogenous photoacoustic contrast, it is essential to develop exogenous photoacoustic contrast agents that can target diseased(More)
Photoacoustic imaging of living subjects offers higher spatial resolution and allows deeper tissues to be imaged compared with most optical imaging techniques. As many diseases do not exhibit a natural photoacoustic contrast, especially in their early stages, it is necessary to administer a photoacoustic contrast agent. A number of contrast agents for(More)
We describe a family in which autosomal dominant anterior polar cataracts are segregating in four members over three generations with an apparently balanced reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 2 and 14. We conclude that altered function of a gene or genes on chromosomes 2 or 14 are important in the embryological development of the lens.
In this paper, we describe using a 2-D array of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) to perform 3-D photoacoustic and acoustic imaging. A tunable optical parametric oscillator laser system that generates nanosecond laser pulses was used to induce the photoacoustic signals. To demonstrate the feasibility of the system, 2 different phantoms(More)
In this paper, we demonstrate 3-D photoacoustic imaging (PAI) of light absorbing objects embedded as deep as 5 cm inside strong optically scattering phantoms using a miniaturized (4 mm × 4 mm × 500 μm), 2-D capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) array of 16 × 16 elements with a center frequency of 5.5 MHz. Two-dimensional tomographic images(More)
We introduce a versatile fabrication process for direct wafer-bonded CMUTs. The objective is a flexible fabrication platform for single element transducers, 1D and 2D arrays, and reconfigurable arrays. The main process features are: A low number of litho masks (five for a fully populated 2D array); a simple fabrication sequence on standard MEMS tools(More)
In this work, we demonstrate 3-D photoacoustic imaging of optically absorbing targets embedded as deep as 5 cm inside a highly scattering background medium using a 2-D capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) array with a center frequency of 5.5 MHz. 3-D volumetric images and 2-D maximum intensity projection images are presented to show the(More)
—A scanning acoustic and photoacoustic microscope is demonstrated. The laser illumination and ultrasound detection in the system are co-axial. Pulsed light from a tunable optical parametric oscillator (OPO) laser is delivered to the scan tank via optical fiber. Multiple acoustic transducers with center frequencies varying from 5 MHz to 25 MHz are utilized.(More)
Photoacoustic imaging is a promising new technology that combines tissue optical characteristics with ultrasound transmission and can potentially visualize tumor depth in bladder cancer. We imaged simulated tumors in 5 fresh porcine bladders with conventional pulse-echo sonography and photoacoustic imaging. Isoechoic biomaterials of different optical(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) is used extensively as a MRI contrast agent in tracking cells. However, the concentration of SPIO is diluted with cell division and SPIO degradation. Ferritin is involved in iron storage in microbial, plant and animal species. H and L subunits of ferritin assemble into a hollow spherical apoferritin, which can accommodate(More)