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Recent genetic studies suggest a central role for innate immunity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, wherein microglia orchestrate neuroinflammation. Kv1.3, a voltage-gated potassium channel of therapeutic relevance in autoimmunity, is upregulated by activated microglia and mediates amyloid-mediated microglial priming and reactive oxygen species(More)
IMPORTANCE Studies comparing the efficacy of intra-arterial therapy (IAT) and medical therapy in reducing final infarct volume (FIV) in intracranial large-vessel occlusions (ILVOs) are lacking. OBJECTIVES To assess whether patients with ILVOs who received IAT have smaller FIVs than patients who received either intravenous tissue plasminogen activator(More)
Microglia, the resident immune cells in the central nervous system (CNS), constantly survey the surrounding neural parenchyma and promptly respond to brain injury. Activation of purinergic receptors such as P2Y12 receptors (P2Y12R) in microglia has been implicated in chemotaxis toward ATP that is released by injured neurons and astrocytes. Activation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Prognostication tools that predict good outcome in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusions after endovascular therapy are lacking. We aim to develop a tool that incorporates clinical and imaging data to predict outcomes after endovascular therapy. METHODS In a derivation cohort of anterior circulation large vessel(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Treatment strategies in acute ischemic stroke aim to curtail ischemic progression. Emerging paradigms propose patient subselection using imaging biomarkers derived from CT, CTA, and CT perfusion. We evaluated the performance of a fully-automated computational tool, hypothesizing enhancements compared with qualitative approaches. The(More)
BACKGROUND Early prognostication of long-term outcomes following ischemic stroke can facilitate medical decision-making. We hypothesized that the 24-hour National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) predicts 3-month clinical outcomes in anterior circulation stroke. METHODS Secondary analyses of the Interventional Management of Stroke 3 (IMS3) and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The semiquantitative noncontrast CT Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and RAPID automated computed tomography (CT) perfusion (CTP) ischemic core volumetric measurements have been used to quantify infarct extent. We aim to determine the correlation between ASPECTS and CTP ischemic core, evaluate the variability of core(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endovascular trials suggest that revascularization benefits a subset of acute ischemic stroke patients with large-artery occlusion and small-core infarct volumes. The objective of our study was to identify thresholds of noncontrast CT-ASPECTS and collateral scores on CT angiography that best predict ischemic core volume thresholds(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sulcal effacement with preserved underlying gray-white matter junction (isolated sulcal effacement [ISE]) in acute ischemic stroke may not represent irreversible parenchymal injury. We aimed to evaluate the frequency and significance of ISE in patients with large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke. METHODS Consecutive acute(More)
Perfusion imaging is being evaluated in acute ischemic stroke patients to identify those who may benefit from reperfusion therapies beyond the standard thrombolytic time window but limited data are available on its utility in patients presenting within the standard thrombolytic time window. We report a case of a patient presenting within the 3-hour time(More)