Learn More
We disclose the design of a novel series of cyanoguanidines that are potent (IC(50) approximately 10-100 nM) and selective (> or = 100-fold) P2X(7) receptor antagonists against the other P2 receptor subtypes such as the P2Y(2), P2X(4), and P2X(3). We also found that these P2X(7) antagonists effectively reduced nociception in a rat model of neuropathic pain(More)
KCNQ2/3 voltage-gated potassium channels conduct low-threshold, slowly activating and non-inactivating currents to repolarize the neuronal resting membrane potential. The channels negatively regulate neuronal excitability and KCNQ2/3 openers are efficacious in hyperexcited states such as epilepsy and pain. We developed and utilized thallium influx assays to(More)
A novel series of aminotriazole-based P2X(7) antagonists was synthesized, and their structure-activity relationships (SAR) were investigated for activity at both human and rat P2X(7) receptors. Most compounds showed greater potency at the human receptor although several analogs were discovered with potent activity (pIC(50) > or = 7.5) at both human and rat(More)
Penicillin-binding protein 5 (PBP 5) from Escherichia coli is a well-characterized d-alanine carboxypeptidase that serves as a prototypical enzyme to elucidate the structure, function, and catalytic mechanism of PBPs. A comprehensive understanding of the catalytic mechanism underlying d-alanine carboxypeptidation and antibiotic binding has proven elusive.(More)
Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are bacterial enzymes involved in the final stages of cell wall biosynthesis and are the lethal targets of beta-lactam antibiotics. Despite their importance, their roles in cell wall biosynthesis remain enigmatic. A series of eight substrates, based on variation of the pentapeptide Boc-l-Ala-gamma-d-Glu-l-Lys-d-Ala-d-Ala,(More)
Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are ubiquitous bacterial enzymes involved in cell wall biosynthesis. The development of new PBP inhibitors is a potentially viable strategy for developing new antibacterial agents. Several potential transition state analogue inhibitors for the PBPs were synthesized, including peptide chloromethyl ketones, trifluoromethyl(More)
Synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel class of substituted N-benzyl-1-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1H-tetrazol-5-amine derivatives resulted in the identification of potent P2X(7) antagonists. These compounds were assayed for activity at both the human and rat P2X(7) receptors. On the benzyl moiety, a variety of functional groups were tolerated, including(More)
  • 1