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Insulin stimulates protein synthesis and cell growth by activation of the protein kinases Akt (also known as protein kinase B, PKB) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). It was reported that Akt activates mTOR by phosphorylation and inhibition of tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2). However, in recent studies the physiological requirement of Akt(More)
We report here the identification of CDC37, which encodes a putative Hsp90 co-chaperone, as a multicopy suppressor of a temperature-sensitive allele (cka2-13(ts)) of the CKA2 gene encoding the alpha' catalytic subunit of protein kinase CKII. Unlike wild-type cells, cka2-13 cells were sensitive to the Hsp90-specific inhibitor geldanamycin, and this(More)
The molecular mechanisms that enable multicellular organisms to sense and modulate their responses to hyperosmotic environments are poorly understood. Here, we employ Caenorhabditis elegans to characterize the response of a multicellular organism to osmotic stress and establish a genetic screen to isolate mutants that are osmotic stress resistant (OSR). In(More)
The human salivary proteome is extremely complex, including proteins from salivary glands, serum, and oral microbes. Much has been learned about the host component, but little is known about the microbial component. Here we report a metaproteomic analysis of salivary supernatant pooled from six healthy subjects. For deep interrogation of the salivary(More)
Proteogenomics combines large-scale genomic and transcriptomic data with mass-spectrometry-based proteomic data to discover novel protein sequence variants and improve genome annotation. In contrast with conventional proteomic applications, proteogenomic analysis requires a number of additional data processing steps. Ideally, these required steps would be(More)
The wealth of biochemical, molecular, genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic resources available in S. cerevisiae make it an excellent system to explore the global role of CK2 in a model organism. Traditional biochemical and genetic studies have revealed that CK2 is required for cell viability, cell cycle progression, cell polarity, ion homeostasis, and other(More)
We report here the identification of the homologous gene pair ZDS1,2 as multicopy suppressors of a temperature-sensitive allele (cka2-13(ts)) of the CKA2 gene encoding the alpha' catalytic subunit of protein kinase CK2. Overexpression of ZDS1,2 suppressed the temperature sensitivity, geldanamycin (GA) sensitivity, slow growth, and flocculation of multiple(More)
For proteomic analysis using tandem mass spectrometry, linear ion trap instruments provide unsurpassed sensitivity but unreliably detect low mass peptide fragments, precluding their use with iTRAQ reagent-labeled samples. Although the popular LTQ linear ion trap supports analyzing iTRAQ reagent-labeled peptides via pulsed Q dissociation, PQD, its(More)
Mammalian cell-derived protein therapeutic production has changed the landscape of human healthcare in the past two decades. The importance of protein therapeutics has motivated the search for more cost-effective and efficient cell lines capable of producing high quality protein products. The factors contributing to optimal producer cell lines are often(More)
The modification of proteins by the cytotoxic, reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) is known to alter protein function and impair cellular mechanisms. In order to identify susceptible amino acid sites of HNE modification within complex biological mixtures by microcapillary liquid chromatography and linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry, we have(More)