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We demonstrate single-molecule fluorescence imaging beyond the optical diffraction limit in 3 dimensions with a wide-field microscope that exhibits a double-helix point spread function (DH-PSF). The DH-PSF design features high and uniform Fisher information and has 2 dominant lobes in the image plane whose angular orientation rotates with the axial (z)(More)
Double-helix point spread function photoactivation-localization microscopy allows three-dimensional (3D) superresolution imaging of objects smaller than the optical diffraction-limit. We demonstrate polarization sensitive detection with 3D super-localization of single-molecules and unveil 3D polarization specific characteristics of single-molecules within(More)
We demonstrate three-dimensional tracking of fluorescent microparticles, with a computational optical system whose point spread function (PSF) has been engineered to have two twisting lobes along the optical axis, generating a three-dimensional (3D) double-helix (DH) PSF. An information theoretical comparison in photon limited systems shows that the DH-PSF(More)
Rotating point spread functions (PSFs) present invariant features that continuously rotate with defocus and are important in diverse applications such as computational imaging and atom/particle trapping. However, their transfer function efficiency is typically very low. We generate highly efficient rotating PSFs by tailoring the range of invariant rotation(More)
Photo-activation localization microscopy is a far-field superresolution imaging technique based on the localization of single molecules with subdiffraction limit precision. Known under acronyms such as PALM (photo-activated localization microscopy) or STORM (stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy), these techniques achieve superresolution by allowing(More)
We present the performance limits on three-dimensional (3D) localization accuracy of currently used methods of wide-field superlocalization microscopy. The three methods investigated are double-helix microscopy, astigmatic imaging, and biplane detection. In the shot-noise limit, Cramer-Rao lower bound calculations show that, among these techniques, the(More)
We introduce a quantitative phase imaging method for homogeneous objects with a bright field transmission microscope by using an amplitude mask and a digital processing algorithm. A known amplitude pattern is imaged on the sample plane containing a thick phase object by placing an amplitude mask in the field diaphragm of the microscope. The phase object(More)
We demonstrate an integrated holographic optical tweezers system with double-helix point spread function (DH-PSF) imaging for high precision three-dimensional multi-particle tracking. The tweezers system allows for the creation and control of multiple optical traps in three-dimensions, while the DH-PSF allows for high precision, 3D, multiple-particle(More)
We present methods to improve the localization accuracy in wide-field 3D single-molecule double-helix microscopy. We analyze the optical efficiency of the system, the fundamental limit for 3D localization, the estimation algorithms, and polarization sensitive detection.
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