Sreekant Murthy

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The use of oral and intravenous cyclosporin represents a significant advance in the therapy of refractory inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, oral administration of cyclosporin is fraught with improper delivery of cyclosporin to the colon for its topical action. Because of unpredictable metabolism by cytochrome P-450 IIIA, the targeted blood level(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a key cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. We have developed a second-generation antisense oligonucleotide (ISIS 25302) specific for murine TNF-alpha and have evaluated this oligonucleotide in two models of gut inflammation of distinct etiology. ISIS 25302 decreased TNF-alpha mRNA in(More)
The aim of this work is to draw the attention of the biophotonics community to a stochastic decomposition method (SDM) to potentially model 2-D scans of light scattering data from epithelium mucosa tissue. The emphasis in this work is on the proposed model and its theoretical pinning and foundation. Unlike previous works that analyze scattering signal at(More)
Objective and design: RDP58 is a novel anti-inflammatory peptide that inhibits TNF synthesis and upregulates heme oxygenase-1. RDP58 therapy was evaluated in the dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) model of chronic colitis.¶Material: Colitis was induced by giving DSS to mice (n = 8 animals/group). Toxicity studies were done in Rhesus monkeys (n = 5), dogs (n = 3)(More)
The development of a simple and inexpensive quantum dot based immunoassay for detecting myeloperoxidase (MPO) in stool samples is reported (QLISA). The method developed utilizes readily available polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microcapillaries as substrates for performing the sandwich assay. High power (80 mW) and low power (10 mW) UV-LEDs were tested for(More)
The dielectric behaviour of aqueous solutions of glucose, poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEGs) 200 and 600, and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) has been examined at different concentrations in the frequency range of 10(6)-10(-3) Hz by dielectric spectroscopy and by using differential scanning calorimetry down to 77 K from room temperature. The shape of the(More)
The main aim of the present investigation is to see how various relaxation processes including the chair-chair transformation (as found by earlier researchers at room temperature in mechanical relaxation spectroscopy) in cyclohexane derivatives evolve as the temperature is lowered. For this purpose, four remarkable (two-component) solid solutions that are(More)
This paper answers the question of whether it is possible to detect changes below the surface in epithelium layered structures using a Stochastic Decomposition Method (SDM) that models the scattered light reflected from the layered structure over an area (2-D scan) illuminated by an optical sensor (fibre) emitting light at either one wavelength or with(More)
Acute pancreatitis is a life-threatening inflammatory disorder of the pancreas. Currently, there is no effective pharmacological therapy available for this disorder. The management strategies remain supportive. Given the remarkable morbidity and mortality associated with acute pancreatitis, there is clearly a desperate need for effective novel therapies.(More)
It is well known that rigid dipolar solutes (in smaller quantity) dispersed in a nonpolar glassy matrix exhibit a sub-T(g) (or beta(s)) relaxation due to the solute often designated as Johari-Goldstein (JG) relaxation, which is intermolecular in nature. In this article, we report the results of our study of such a sub-T(g) process in a wide variety of(More)