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Recent studies indicate that maximal IL-8 protein expression requires activation of NF-kappaB as well as activation of the MAP kinases ERK, JNK, and p38. However, the precise relationship between NF-kappaB transactivation and MAP kinase activation remains unclear. We examined the requirements of NF-kappaB, ERK, JNK, and p38 for TNF-alpha-induced(More)
Adenine nucleotides speed structural and functional recovery when administered after experimental renal injury in the rat and stimulate proliferation of kidney epithelial cells. As cell migration is a component of renal regeneration after acute tubular necrosis, we have used an in vitro model of wound healing to study this process. High density, quiescent(More)
Mitogens evoke many alterations in gene expression in eukaryotic cells. Genes which are activated rapidly and transiently, that are evolutionarily conserved and whose induction is shared by diverse cell types when exposed to different growth stimuli are likely to be of critical importance in transducing mitogenic signals and regulating cellular(More)
We have shown in bovine tracheal myocytes that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and Rac1 function as upstream activators of transcription from the cyclin D(1) promoter. We now examine the role of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase in this process. PI 3-kinase activity was increased by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and attenuated by the PI(More)
Increased airway smooth muscle in airway remodeling results from myocyte proliferation and hypertrophy. Skeletal and vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy is induced by phosphatidylinositide-3 kinase (PI(3) kinase) via mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6 kinase (p70S6K). We tested the hypothesis that this pathway regulates contractile protein(More)
When a human fetal muscle cDNA library was screened with the human thyroid hormone receptor alpha 2 cDNA at low stringency, we found a weakly hybridizing cDNA. The sequence of the insert was 2498 basepairs, with an open reading frame of 1794 basepairs encoding a protein of 598 amino acids and a predicted molecular mass of 64 kDa. The DNA-binding domain and(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment of bovine tracheal myocytes increases the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), serine/threonine kinases of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily thought to play a key role in the transduction of mitogenic signals to the cell nucleus. Moreover,(More)
An in vitro model of wound healing was used to study cell migration that is independent of proliferation during renal regeneration after acute tubular necrosis. Monolayer cultures of high-density, quiescent renal epithelial cells of the BSC-1 line were subjected to scrape wounding and then Northern blot analysis was employed to identify genes that mediate(More)
Antrum mucosal protein (AMP)-18 and a synthetic peptide of amino acids 77-97 have mitogenic and motogenic properties for epithelial cells. The possibility that AMP-18 is also protective was evaluated in the colonic mucosa of mice and monolayer cultures of human colonic epithelial Caco-2/bbe (C2) cells. Administration of AMP peptide to mice with dextran(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by an injured epithelium. Development of agents that could enhance mucosal healing is a major goal in IBD therapeutics. The 18-kDa antrum mucosal protein (AMP-18) and a 21-mer peptide derived from AMP-18 stimulate accumulation of tight junction (TJ) proteins in cultured epithelial cells and mouse(More)