Sreedharan Kartha

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Recent studies indicate that maximal IL-8 protein expression requires activation of NF-kappaB as well as activation of the MAP kinases ERK, JNK, and p38. However, the precise relationship between NF-kappaB transactivation and MAP kinase activation remains unclear. We examined the requirements of NF-kappaB, ERK, JNK, and p38 for TNF-alpha-induced(More)
Mitogens evoke many alterations in gene expression in eukaryotic cells. Genes which are activated rapidly and transiently, that are evolutionarily conserved and whose induction is shared by diverse cell types when exposed to different growth stimuli are likely to be of critical importance in transducing mitogenic signals and regulating cellular(More)
Antrum mucosal protein (AMP)-18 and a synthetic peptide of amino acids 77-97 have mitogenic and motogenic properties for epithelial cells. The possibility that AMP-18 is also protective was evaluated in the colonic mucosa of mice and monolayer cultures of human colonic epithelial Caco-2/bbe (C2) cells. Administration of AMP peptide to mice with dextran(More)
Nontransformed monkey kidney cells (BSC-1 line), used as a model for renal epithelium, were assayed for release of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-like proteins. BSC-1 cells continuously released a mitogenic activity for fibroblasts and a chemoattractant activity for smooth muscle cells, each of which was inhibited 80-90% by an antibody to human PDGF.(More)
Adenine nucleotides infused into animals with acute renal failure appear to enhance recovery of kidney function and structure. To determine whether these compounds could act by a direct effect on renal cell metabolism, their capacity to stimulate DNA synthesis was evaluated in cultures of monkey kidney epithelial cells (BSC-1 line). AMP and ADP enhanced DNA(More)
We have isolated a cDNA clone encoding the 43 amino acid protein, thymosin beta 10, from an adult human kidney cDNA library. A comparison of human and rat thymosin beta 10 cDNA sequences revealed 100% identity for the deduced amino acid sequence and 95% nucleotide identity for the coding region. The thymosin beta 10 cDNA clone was used to probe RNA isolated(More)
Accumulation of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) has been shown to inhibit the growth of cultured airway smooth-muscle cells, but the precise mechanism underlying the antimitogenic action of cAMP in these cells is unknown. We examined the effects of forskolin, an activator of adenylate cyclase, on DNA synthesis, cyclin D1 expression, and(More)
Purine nucleotides, particularly adenosine diphosphate (ADP), are the most potent mitogens known for monkey kidney epithelial cells of the BSC-1 line. To explore the molecular mechanisms by which ADP exerts its mitogenic effect, we tested the hypothesis that stimulation of DNA synthesis in these renal cells is mediated by activation of protooncogenes.(More)
The growth of nontransformed monkey kidney epithelial cells in culture appears to be regulated by the interplay of positive and negative autocrine growth factors. Reduction of the potassium or sodium concentration of the medium induces rapid release of novel growth-promoting activities, whereas addition of the mitogen adenosine diphosphate stimulates the(More)
We have previously demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment of bovine tracheal myocytes increases the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), serine/threonine kinases of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily thought to play a key role in the transduction of mitogenic signals to the cell nucleus. Moreover,(More)