Srdjan M Vlajkovic

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Extracellular ATP acting via P2 receptors in the inner ear initiates a variety of signaling pathways that may be involved in noise-induced cochlear injury. Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase)1/CD39 and NTPDase2/CD39L1 are key elements for regulation of extracellular nucleotide concentrations and P2 receptor signaling in the cochlea. This(More)
In the cochlea, extracellular ATP influences the endocochlear potential, micromechanics, and neurotransmission via P2 receptors. Evidence for this arises from studies demonstrating widespread expression of ATP-gated ion channels (assembled from P2X receptor subunits) and G protein-coupled receptors (P2Y receptors). P2X2 receptor subunits are localized to(More)
Ectonucleotidases provide the signal termination mechanism for purinergic transmission, including fast excitatory neurotransmission by ATP in the CNS. This study provides evidence for ectonucleotidase expression in the rat cochlea, brain and other tissues. In addition to detection of rat ecto-ATPase and ecto-ATPDase in these tissues, we identify a novel(More)
Adenosine is a signalling molecule that modulates cellular activity in the central nervous system and peripheral organs via four G protein-coupled receptors designated A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3). This review surveys the literature on the role of adenosine in auditory function, particularly cochlear function and its protection from oxidative stress. The(More)
Age-related hearing loss and noise-induced hearing loss are major causes of human morbidity. Here we used genetics and functional studies to show that a shared cause of these disorders may be loss of function of the ATP-gated P2X(2) receptor (ligand-gated ion channel, purinergic receptor 2) that is expressed in sensory and supporting cells of the cochlea.(More)
Oxidative stress has been established as the key mechanism of the cochlear damage underlying noise-induced hearing loss, however, emerging evidence suggests that cochlear inflammation may also be a major contributor. This study aimed to improve our understanding of the cochlear inflammatory response associated with acute and chronic noise exposure. C57BL/6(More)
Extracellular ATP and other extracellular nucleotides acting via P2 receptors in the inner ear initiate a wide variety of signalling pathways important for regulation of hearing and balance. Ectonucleotidases are extracellular nucleotide-metabolising enzymes that modulate purinergic signalling in most tissues. Major ectonucleotidases in the cochlea are(More)
Stimuli such as noise or hypoxia can induce a release of ATP into the cochlear fluid spaces. At nanomolar concentrations, ATP affects neurotransmission and electrochemical regulation of sound transduction. At higher concentrations, ATP may exert cytotoxicity acting on specific P2X(7) receptor subunits, thus contributing to the pathophysiology of(More)
Extracellular ATP has several neuro-humoral actions on cochlear physiology, many of which involve P2X receptor-mediated signal transduction. The present study extends the molecular physiology of P2X receptor gene expression in the cochlea to the principal platform for transgenic studies, the mouse model. P2X receptor subunits, which assemble to form(More)
The present study provides functional characterization of alternative splicing of the NTPDase2 (ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-2) involved in the regulation of extracellular nucleotide concentrations in a range of organ systems. A novel NTPDase2beta isoform produced by alternative splicing of the rat NTPDase2 gene provides an extended(More)