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While studying skull base changes in craniosynostosis, it became apparent that there is a lack of reference studies quantifying the changes of three-dimensional (3D) parameters of the normal skull base throughout childhood. Using advanced 3D visualisation techniques, 34 points of the skull base were identified on MRI scans of 66 normal children, aged 1(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to construct a model of normal changes in intracranial volume occurring throughout childhood from age 7 days to 15 years. METHODS Using the technique of segmentation on magnetic resonance images obtained in healthy children, intracranial volume was measured and plotted against age. CONCLUSIONS Intracranial volume in the(More)
BACKGROUND Since its first description by Virchow, the principle of abnormal skull growth due to restriction of skull growth at the fused sutures, and the realisation by Moss that the sutures at the skull base are equally affected, have been the main intellectual driving forces behind the majority of cranial expansion procedures performed currently in(More)
OBJECT Surveys of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts that have been removed from patients have shown that even when the ventricular catheter is the cause of the obstruction, the valve may be obstructed or underperforming. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the degradation of shunt valve structure over time due to the deposition of debris. The(More)
OBJECT Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an established treatment for hydrocephalus. Most studies focus on success rate, and complications are insufficiently documented. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of ETV complications. METHODS A Medline search discovered 34 series of ETV with detailed complications reports (17 series(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has preferentially been offered to patients with more favorable prognostic features compared with shunt. OBJECTIVE To use advanced statistical methods to adjust for treatment selection bias to determine whether ETV survival is superior to shunt survival once the bias of patient-related prognostic factors(More)
  • S Sgouros
  • 2007
In children, spasticity is commonly seen in the context of cerebral palsy (CP), but also following head injury, cerebral infarct or other brain insults. CP is a wide term used to describe a constellation of symptoms that characterise the physical impairment of movement due to abnormal brain development. The management of spasticity is tailored according to(More)
INTRODUCTION Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an established treatment for hydrocephalus. Most studies focus on success rates, and complications are insufficiently charted. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of ETV complications. METHODS A Medline search discovered 24 series of ETV (seven in children, five in adults, and 12(More)
OBJECT There is still controversy regarding the optimum time to perform surgery for craniosynostosis. Some recommend surgery soon after birth and others delay until the age of 12 months. Intracranial pressure has been measured in an attempt to provide a scientific rationale, but many questions remain unanswered. To date, little attention has been given to(More)
INTRODUCTION Intraventricular/germinal matrix hemorrhage affects 7-30% of premature neonates, 25-80% of whom (depending on the grade of the hemorrhage) will develop hydrocephalus requiring shunting. Predisposing factors are low birth weight and gestational age. MATERIAL There is increasing evidence for the role of TGF-β1 in the pathogenesis of(More)