Spyridoula Karamanou

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Recognition of signal sequences by cognate receptors controls the entry of virtually all proteins to export pathways. Despite its importance, this process remains poorly understood. Here, we present the solution structure of a signal peptide bound to SecA, the 204 kDa ATPase motor of the Sec translocase. Upon encounter, the signal peptide forms an(More)
SecA, the dimeric ATPase subunit of bacterial protein translocase, catalyses translocation during ATP-driven membrane cycling at SecYEG. We now show that the SecA protomer comprises two structural modules: the ATPase N-domain, containing the nucleotide binding sites NBD1 and NBD2, and the regulatory C-domain. The C-domain binds to the N-domain in each(More)
SecA, the motor subunit of bacterial polypeptide translocase, is an RNA helicase. SecA comprises a dimerization C-terminal domain fused to an ATPase N-terminal domain containing conserved DEAD helicase motifs. We show that the N-terminal domain is organized like the motor core of DEAD proteins, encompassing two subdomains, NBD1 and IRA2. NBD1, a rigid(More)
All cells must traffic proteins across their membranes. This essential process is responsible for the biogenesis of membranes and cell walls, motility and nutrient scavenging and uptake, and is also involved in pathogenesis and symbiosis. The translocase is an impressively dynamic nanomachine that is the central component which catalyses transmembrane(More)
Twenty eight C. psittaci abortion strains had been previously classified in to 4 immunologically distinct groups on the basis of cross-protection experiments in a mouse model. To identify the molecular basis of their immunological divergence 4 representative strains were investigated by cellular, molecular and immunological techniques. An identical pattern(More)
SecA, the dimeric ATPase subunit of protein translocase, contains a DEAD helicase catalytic core that binds to a regulatory C-terminal domain. We now demonstrate that IRA1, a conserved helix-loop-helix structure in the C-domain, controls C-domain conformation through direct interdomain contacts. C-domain conformational changes are transmitted to the DEAD(More)
Type III protein secretion (TTS) is catalyzed by translocases that span both membranes of Gram-negative bacteria. A hydrophilic TTS component homologous to F1/V1-ATPases is ubiquitous and essential for secretion. We show that hrcN encodes the putative TTS ATPase of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar phaseolicola and that HrcN is a peripheral protein that(More)
SecA, the preprotein translocase ATPase, has a helicase DEAD motor. To catalyze protein translocation, SecA possesses two additional flexible domains absent from other helicases. Here we demonstrate that one of these "specificity domains" is a preprotein binding domain (PBD). PBD is essential for viability and protein translocation. PBD mutations do not(More)
The gene encoding a novel xyloglucanase (Xeg) belonging to family 74 glycoside hydrolases was isolated from a Jonesia sp. strain through functional screening in Escherichia coli. The encoded xyloglucanase is a protein of 972 aminoacyl residues with a 23 residue aminoterminal signal peptide. Over-expression of Xeg in B. subtilis or E. coli failed. In(More)
RPL29 (YFR032c-a) is a non-essential gene that codes for a 60S ribosomal subunit protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Deletion of RPL29 leads to a moderate accumulation of half-mer polysomes with little or no change in the amounts of free 60S subunits. In vitro translation and the growth rate are also delayed in the Deltarpl29 strain. Such a phenotype is(More)