Spiro Pavlopoulos

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Desensitization of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor is mediated by the interaction with arrestin. In this study, we report the structural changes of a synthetic diphosphorylated peptide corresponding to residues 419-439 of the CB1 C-terminus upon binding to arrestin-2. This segment is pivotal to the desensitization of CB1. Using high-resolution proton NMR, we(More)
Internalization of G-protein-coupled receptors is mediated by phosphorylation of the C-terminus, followed by binding with the cytosolic protein arrestin. To explore structural factors that may play a role in internalization of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), we utilize a phosphorylated peptide derived from the distal C-terminus of CB1 (CB1(5P)(454-473)).(More)
The cannabinergic system is present in a variety of organs and tissues that perform a wide range of essential physiologic functions making it an inherently important therapeutic target for drug discovery. In order to augment our knowledge regarding the interactions between cannabinoid receptors (CBs) and their ligands, efficient and effective tools are(More)
The cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 are family A, G-protein Coupled Receptors that mediate the effects of cannabinoids, a class of compounds that are so named because the first members were isolates of the cannabis plant. In recent history, there has been much anecdotal evidence that the potent and diverse physiological responses produced by these(More)
Two key commonly used cannabinergic agonists, CP55940 and WIN55212-2, are investigated for their effects on the lipid membrane bilayer using (2)H solid state NMR, and the results are compared with our earlier work with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC). To study the effects of these ligands we used hydrated bilayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine(More)
Among the nonclassical cannabinoids, CP-55,244 (4), which incorporates an axial 14 beta-hydroxymethyl group, is pharmacologically 30 times more potent than its prototype CP-47,497 (2) and 300 times more potent than delta 9-THC (1). It has a high degree of stereoselectivity (about 120:1) with respect to its diastereoisomer, CP-97,587 (5), which differs(More)
Anandamide amidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of anandamide (AEA) to arachidonic acid (AA) and ethanolamine (EA). Recently, we published a method for determining anandamide amidase activity based on the measurement of arachidonic acid with direct UV detection at 204 nm. However, this method cannot be used to determine the hydrolysis of non-UV-active AEA(More)
Phospholipid bicelles were employed as a membrane bilayer model in the conformational studies of two lipophilic cannabinoids, delta(8)-THC and its O-methyl ether analogue, Me-Delta(8)-THC using conventional high-resolution NMR. A preparation of 8% (w/v) phospholipid concentration and a high DMPC/DHPC ratio (q = 2.0) was found to be optimal for not only(More)
The serine hydrolase monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) functions as the main metabolizing enzyme of 2-arachidonoyl glycerol, an endocannabinoid signaling lipid whose elevation through genetic or pharmacological MGL ablation exerts therapeutic effects in various preclinical disease models. To inform structure-based MGL inhibitor design, we report the direct NMR(More)
The cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) cannabinoid receptor is an essential component of the cannabinergic system. It has been recognized as a therapeutic target for treating numerous diseases and is currently receiving considerable attention by the pharmaceutical community. Target-based drug design, utilizing three-dimensional information of receptor structure(More)