Spencer L Hill

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There are little data describing noncellular changes in bronchial inflammation during exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. The relationship between sputum colour and airway inflammation at presentation has been assessed during an exacerbation in patients with chronic bronchitis and a primary care diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Sputum(More)
Peripheral polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) from subjects with emphysema or bronchiectasis digested significantly more iodine-125-labelled fibronectin (on average, 250% and 280%, respectively) than did those from control subjects. PMN from patients with bronchiectasis contained significantly more of the serine proteinase elastase than did the control(More)
Persistent polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) recruitment to airway is thought to be an important component of continuing inflammation and progression of chronic destructive lung diseases. Although chemoattractants are required for the PMN to migrate, the nature of the chemoattractants in the airways has not yet been clarified. We therefore investigated the(More)
Caffeine is the most widely used neurostimulant in the world. There is considerable debate on its effect on immune cells as it has been shown to antagonize adenosine receptors (ARs), which mediate an anti-inflammatory switch in activated immune cells. A second target is phosphodiesterase, where it acts as an inhibitor. If the primary effect of caffeine on(More)
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