Spencer Gibbs

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Long-term results with 555 aortic homografts used for isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) between 1964 and 1986 were analyzed to assess valve performance and the time-related onset of valve-related events. The total follow-up was 2,931 patient-years. Twenty years after operation, overall survival was 51.6 +/- 8.1%, freedom from valve-related death was(More)
Orthodontists are often concerned about the prognosis of root-filled teeth, particularly when extractions are required for orthodontic treatment. This review provides guidance on assessing the quality of root fillings, as well as the factors which affect the prognosis of root-filled teeth. The implications of previous traumatic injuries and the likelihood(More)
A retrospective study was undertaken using treated functional appliance cases. The groups involved 27 Andresen, 19 Bionator, and 23 Fränkel cases. The reflex metrograph was used to measure arch width from study models at the start of treatment, end of treatment including retention, and at least 1 year post-treatment. The effects of each appliance on arch(More)
Eight-hundred-and-twenty-two British orthodontists were sent questionnaires regarding their use of ceramic brackets. Five-hundred-and-forty-six (66 per cent) responded, and from these, 512 (62 per cent) were analysed. Approximately half of these operators had experience with ceramic brackets, but only 32 operators had treated more than 30 patients.(More)
PURPOSE This phase 1/2 study was designed to test toxicity and effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and concurrent radiotherapy in the treatment of invasive bladder cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS 17 patients with localised muscle-invasive bladder cancer, clinical stages T2-3 N0, M0, were treated with a radiotherapy schedule of 55 Gy in 20 fractions(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has led to an increase in preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the investigation of bile duct stones. ERCP and intravenous infusion cholangiography (IIC) were compared in 111 consecutive patients without jaundice considered to be at high risk for bile duct stones. Both investigations were(More)
Twelve patients with uncomplicated transposition of the great arteries were operated upon in the first month of life following an initial Rashkind procedure. They were all in a clinically unacceptable condition and were mostly acidotic or bad mixers without acidosis. Two patients died postoperatively from a cerebral haemorrhage not discovered prior to(More)
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