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Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is synthesized from choline via the CDP-choline pathway. Liver cells can also synthesize PC via the sequential methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine, catalyzed by phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT). The current study investigates whether or not hepatic PC biosynthesis is linked to diet-induced obesity. Pemt(+/+)(More)
There are 2 predominant sources of dietary trans fatty acids (TFA) in the food supply, those formed during the industrial partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils (iTFA) and those formed by biohydrogenation in ruminants (rTFA), including vaccenic acid (VA) and the naturally occurring isomer of conjugated linoleic acid, cis-9, trans-11 CLA (c9,t11-CLA). The(More)
OBJECTIVE It is recognized that there is a remarkable variability in the systemic response to high-fat (HF) diets that cannot be completely explained by genetic factors. In addition, pregnancy complications leading to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have been associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) later in life.(More)
SCOPE Evidence suggests a neutral to beneficial role of certain trans fatty acids (TFA) from natural ruminant sources. Trans11-18:1 (vaccenic acid, VA), the most predominant ruminant TFA and a precursor to conjugated linoleic acid, has been shown to improve atherogenic dyslipidemia and symptoms of hepatic steatosis in animal models. The objective of this(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The "response to retention" hypothesis of atherosclerosis suggests that the arterial deposition of cholesterol is directly proportional to the concentration of circulating plasma lipoproteins. However, there is increasing evidence to support the concept that specific lipoproteins may be preferentially retained within the arterial wall,(More)
Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain pathology can be tested in animals, and this was the key objective of(More)
Insulin resistance is a major contributor to macro- and microvascular complications, particularly in the presence of the metabolic syndrome, and is also associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. Impaired nitric oxide metabolism and endothelial function are important components of the vascular disease. Increasing the bioavailability of arginine, the(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The metabolic syndrome, with associated vasculopathy, is a major cause of cardiovascular disease and nephropathy. Impaired nitric oxide (NO) metabolism and endothelial function is an important component of the disease process. Increasing the availability of arginine, the precursor of NO, might enhance vascular function and protect against(More)
OBJECTIVE The arterial retention of apolipoprotein (apo) B100- and apoB48-containing lipoproteins was simultaneously determined in a rabbit model of human hypercholesterolemia using 3D confocal microscopy. METHODS AND RESULTS Lipoproteins containing apoB100 (LDL) and apoB48 (chylomicron remnants) were differentially conjugated with fluorophores and(More)
There is increasing interest in the potential chronic beneficial effects of dietary n-3 PUFA on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated cardiovascular complications. We have recently established that increased dietary n-3 PUFA has a profound acute benefit on fasting lipids and the postprandial pro-inflammatory response in the JCR:LA-cp rat, a model of(More)