Spencer Brown

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An introduction is given to the literature concerning methods and objectives for cytometric DNA analysis of plant nuclei. This area has gained relevance with applications in plant breeding and seed production industries, where laboratories unfamiliar with cytometry are adopting the method. An extensive graphical guide to interpreting DNA histograms and(More)
Bananas (Musa spp.), including dessert and cooking types, are giant perennial monocotyledonous herbs of the order Zingiberales, a sister group to the well-studied Poales, which include cereals. Bananas are vital for food security in many tropical and subtropical countries and the most popular fruit in industrialized countries. The Musa domestication process(More)
The genome size (1C value) and base composition of 14 ecotypes of two species of tetraploid and diploid Medicago have been assessed by flow cytometry. These parameters vary both between and within species. The diploid annual Medicago truncatula Gaertn. had the smallest genome of the group studied (which also covered M. sativa L. subsp. sativa, M. sativa L.(More)
We sequenced and assembled the draft genome of Theobroma cacao, an economically important tropical-fruit tree crop that is the source of chocolate. This assembly corresponds to 76% of the estimated genome size and contains almost all previously described genes, with 82% of these genes anchored on the 10 T. cacao chromosomes. Analysis of this sequence(More)
The insertion of foreign DNA in plants occurs through a complex interaction between Agrobacteria and host plant cells. The marker gene β-glucuronidase of Escherichia coli and cytological methods were used to characterize competent cells for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, to study early cellular events of transformation, and to identify the potential(More)
The eukaryotic cell division cycle is coordinated by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), represented by a single major serine/threonine kinase in yeasts (Cdc2/CDC28) and a family of kinases (CDK1 to CDK8) in human cells. Previously, two cdc2 homologs, cdc2MsA and cdc2MsB, have been identified in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). By isolating cDNAs using a cdc2MsA(More)
Two closely related spruces, Picea abies and Picea omorika, a Balkan paleoendemic species, often share habitats, yet never hybridize in nature. The present study adresses their characteristics such as nuclear DNA content, base composition, heterochromatin and rDNA pattern. The genome size of P. abies was 10% larger than that of P. omorika when assessed by(More)
We report on the sub-cellular localisation and function of m-Rab(mc), a N-myristoylated plant-specific Rab-GTPase previously characterised at the molecular level and also by structural analysis in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum. By confocal laser scanning microscopy, we identified m-Rab(mc) predominantly on the prevacuolar compartment of the lytic vacuole(More)
Although most of the components of the cell cycle machinery are conserved in all eukaryotes, plants differ strikingly from animals by the absence of a homolog of E-type cyclin, an important regulator involved in G1/S-checkpoint control in animals. By contrast, plants contain a complex range of A-type cyclins, with no fewer than 10 members in Arabidopsis. We(More)
Leaf trichomes in Arabidopsis are unicellular epidermal hairs with a branched morphology. They undergo successive endoreduplication rounds early during cell morphogenesis. Mutations affecting trichome nuclear DNA content, such as triptychon or glabra3, alter trichome branching. We isolated new mutants with supernumerary trichome branches, which fall into(More)