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Computed tomography (CT)-guided interventions such as biopsy, drainage, and ablation may be significant sources of radiation exposure in both patients and radiologists. Simple CT techniques to reduce radiation dose may be employed without increasing the procedure time or significantly degrading image quality. To develop low-dose protocols, it is important(More)
Although anatomic lesions and obesity can produce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), most subjects with OSA have no recognizable anatomic lesion. We hypothesized that the occurrence of OSA is related to the size of the region enclosed by the mandible and the degree of obesity. We studied 30 subjects with a range of OSA and obesity with magnetic resonance(More)
Although most patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are obese, it is not known how obesity contributes to airway collapse during sleep. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the volume of adipose tissue adjacent to the pharyngeal airway in humans is related to the degree of OSA. We studied 30 subjects, nine without OSA and 21 with OSA;(More)
Given the magnitude of the problem of blunt abdominal trauma, we have the opportunity, through abdominal CT, of making a great impact on the health care of many patients. Through the efforts of early investigators and with continued refinements, great progress has been made in developing CT as an accurate, reliable emergency modality. With meticulous(More)
In the past decade, new therapeutic agents have been developed that permit gastroenterologists to treat virtually all forms of Crohn's disease. The success of these treatments depends on an accurate diagnosis of the nature and extent of disease. Fortunately, radiologists now possess a powerful arsenal of imaging techniques to guide the choice of therapy.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of real-time sonography for the detection and estimation of the volume of pneumothorax using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis in 27 patients evaluated by five radiologists using previously described sonographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bilateral chest sonograms were(More)
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) (also known as contrast-induced nephropathy) is an abrupt deterioration in renal function that can be associated with use of iodinated contrast medium. Although the increase in serum creatinine concentration is transient in most cases, contrast-induced AKI may lead to increased morbidity and mortality rates in(More)
Software development for imaging workstations has lagged behind hardware availability. To guide development and to analyze work flow involved in interpretation of cross-sectional imaging studies, we assessed the cognitive and physical processes. We observed the performance and interpretation of body computed tomography (CT) scans and recorded the events(More)
A 71-year-old man who underwent a coronary artery bypass using a saphenous vein bypass graft (SVG) in 1977 presented with a new mediastinal mass on chest radiography. A variety of imaging techniques were applied and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provided excellent anatomic detail of an aneurysm of the previously placed SVG. This condition was(More)