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The precursor form of the nerve growth factor (proNGF), forms a heterotrimeric complex with the receptors p75 and sortilin; this complex has been implicated in neuron cell death. However, it is not known whether proNGF and the receptors p75 and sortilin contribute to age- and disease-related neurodegeneration. Here we show that proNGF induces cell death in(More)
Several studies have sought to demonstrate that neurodegeneration during disease and in old age is associated with reduced neurotrophic support. Little positive evidence has been forthcoming, either in relation to the availability of neurotrophins or to expression and function of the relevant receptors. Recently, a novel way in which neurotrophins could(More)
Stem cell therapy is a promising strategy for treatment of muscular dystrophies. In addition to muscle fiber formation, reconstitution of functional stem cell pool by donor cells is vital for long-term treatment. We show here that some CD133+ cells within human muscle are located underneath the basal lamina of muscle fibers, in the position of the muscle(More)
During the course of normal aging, certain populations of nerve growth factor (NGF)-responsive neurons become selectively vulnerable to cell death. Studies using dissociated neurons isolated from neonates have shown that c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are important in regulating the survival and neurite outgrowth of NGF-responsive sympathetic neurons.(More)
and ectopic expression, we demonstrated that Gata2 regulates GABAergic neuron development in the midbrain, but not in the rhombomere1. Without Gata2, all the precursors in the embryonic midbrain fail to activate GABAergic neuron-specific gene expression and switch to a glutamatergic phenotype instead. Surprisingly, this fate switch is also observed(More)
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