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Inflammation and oxidative stress are thought to promote tissue damage in multiple sclerosis. Thus, novel therapeutics enhancing cellular resistance to free radicals could prove useful for multiple sclerosis treatment. BG00012 is an oral formulation of dimethylfumarate. In a phase II multiple sclerosis trial, BG00012 demonstrated beneficial effects on(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, accompanied by synaptic dysfunction and neurodegeneration. Antibody-based immunotherapy against Aβ to trigger its clearance or mitigate its neurotoxicity has so far been unsuccessful. Here we report the generation of aducanumab, a(More)
Oxidative stress is central to the pathology of several neurodegenerative diseases, including multiple sclerosis, and therapeutics designed to enhance antioxidant potential could have clinical value. The objective of this study was to characterize the potential direct neuroprotective effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) and its primary metabolite monomethyl(More)
We have investigated a novel series of acid-derived γ-secretase modulators as a potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Optimization based on cellular potency and brain pharmacodynamics after oral dosing led to the discovery of 10a (BIIB042). Compound 10a is a potent γ-secretase modulator, which lowered Aβ42, increased Aβ38, but had little to no effect(More)
Reducing the production of larger aggregation-prone amyloid β-peptides (Aβ) remains an untested therapeutic approach for reducing the appearance and growth of Aβ plaques in the brain, which are a hallmark pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease. γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) are therapeutics that impact γ-secretase-dependent cleavage of amyloid(More)
Starting from literature examples of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-type carboxylic acid γ-secretase modulators (GSMs) and using a scaffold design approach, we identified 4-aminomethylphenylacetic acid 4 with a desirable γ-secretase modulation profile. Scaffold optimization led to the discovery of a novel chemical series, represented by 6b,(More)
Modifying FTY720, an immunosuppressant modulator, led to a new series of well phosphorylated tetralin analogs as potent S1P1 receptor agonists. The stereochemistry effect of tetralin ring was probed, and (-)-(R)-2-amino-2-((S)-6-octyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)propan-1-ol was identified as a good SphK2 substrate and potent S1P1 agonist with good(More)
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