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Systemic acidosis has detrimental effects on the skeleton and local acidosis is associated with bone destruction in inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. However, the mechanisms by which acidosis enhances osteoclastic bone resorption are poorly understood. Our aim was to examine the effects of acid on osteoclast survival and the involvement of cytosolic(More)
Topographical variation in the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of the normal ovine knee was examined using histological techniques. The articular cartilage was examined grossly, then histological sections were cut and the cartilage thickness and chondrocyte density were measured. Bone mineral density, thickness of the subchondral bone plate (SBP)(More)
It has been increasingly appreciated that aldosterone elicits acute vascular effects through nongenomic signaling pathways. Our previous studies demonstrated that aldosterone attenuated phenylephrine-mediated constriction in intact vessels [via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent nitric oxide synthase activation] but enhanced vasoconstrictor responses(More)
A detailed proteomic analysis of excreted/secretory (ES) proteins derived from fourth stage larvae (L4) of Teladorsagia circumcincta identified a number of components, including N-type and C-type single domain activation-associated secreted proteins (ASPs). Immunoblotting of L4 ES extracts with abomasal mucus derived from infected, immune sheep demonstrated(More)
Using a model of early osteoarthritis (OA) induced in ovine joints by medial meniscectomy, the intraarticular effects of two hyaluronic acid (HA) preparations (AHA and DHA) were investigated. DHA was an HA preparation with an average molecular weight (MW) of approximately 2.0 x 10(6) d, and AHA had a MW of approximately 8 x 10(5) d. Animals (n = 5) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraarticular (ia) hyaluronan (HA) is reported to provide symptomatic relief in osteoarthritis (OA); however, there is limited information on the effects that this treatment may have on joint articular cartilage or subchondral bone. Our objective was to address this issue using an ovine model of early OA. METHODS Unilateral medial meniscectomy(More)
Nucleotides, released in response to mechanical or inflammatory stimuli, signal through P2 nucleotide receptors in many cell types. Osteoclasts express P2X7 receptors (encoded by P2rx7) - Ca(2+)-permeable channels that are activated by high concentrations of extracellular ATP. Genetic disruption of P2rx7 leads to increased resorption and reduced skeletal(More)
Male house mice advertise their territory ownership through urinary scent marks and use individual-specific patterns of major urinary proteins (MUPs) to discriminate between their own scent and that of other males. It is not clear whether recognition occurs through discrimination of the non-volatile proteins or protein-ligand complexes (direct model), or by(More)
A model of early osteoarthritis (OA) induced in ovine joints by medial meniscectomy was used to study the effects of two hyaluronan (HA) preparations (AHA and DHA) on cartilage composition and proteoglycan (PG) metabolism. DHA was an HA preparation with an average molecular weight (MW) of approximately 2.0 x 10(6) d, and AHA had an MW of approximately 8.0 x(More)
We studied the effects of intraarticular (ia) administration of hyaluronic acid (HA) (Mw approximately 9 x 10(5)) (Artz) on cartilage integrity and release into synovial fluid (SF) of keratan sulfate peptides (KS-pep) in an ovine model of early osteoarthritis (OA) induced by meniscectomy. Five consecutive weekly injections of HA (2 ml, 10 mg/ml) or saline(More)