Soushi Kobayashi

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Magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate the relation between the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and volumetric measurements for the medial temporal lobe structures (amygdala, hippocampus, and parahippocampal gyrus) and prefrontal sub-regions (the superior frontal gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus,(More)
The Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) polymorphism is a strong candidate for a schizophrenia-susceptibility gene as it is widely expressed in cortical and limbic regions, but the effect of its genotype variation on brain morphology in schizophrenia is not well known. This study examined the association between the DISC1 Ser704Cys polymorphism and(More)
Abnormal neurodevelopment in midline structures such as the adhesio interthalamica (AI), as well as in the medial temporal lobe structures has been implicated in schizophrenia, while its genetic mechanism is unknown. This magnetic resonance imaging study investigated the effect of the genotypic combination of the dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) Ser9Gly and(More)
Src homology 2-containing 5'-inositol phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) is known to be one of lipid phosphatases converting PI(3,4,5)P3 to PI(3,4)P2 in the negative regulation of insulin signaling with the fundamental impact on the state of insulin resistance. To clarify the possible involvement of SHIP2 in the pathogenesis of human type 2 diabetes, we examined the(More)
We previously reported that the synthetic quinolizidine 1-epi-207I is a relatively selective blocker of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We now synthesized the analogous poison frog alkaloids 233A, 235U, and 251AA, and investigated the biological activities at two major types of neuronal nicotinic receptors. Electrophysiological study showed that(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit (CHRNA7) gene harbors a high degree of polymorphism. In this study, we found a novel variant (1267 G to A) in exon 10 of the CHRNA7 gene in a Japanese population. This variant results in glycine-to-serine substitution at position 423 (G423S) located in the large cytoplasmic loop of the protein. To clarify(More)
BACKGROUND The 5,8-disubstituted indolizidines constitute the largest class of poison-frog alkaloids. Some alkaloids have been shown to act as noncompetitive blockers at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors but the proposed structures and the biological activities of most of the 5,8-disubstituted indolizidines have not been determined because of limited(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are key molecules in cholinergic transmission in the nervous system. Because of their structural complexity, only a limited number of subtype-specific agonists and antagonists are available to study nicotinic receptor functions. To overcome this limitation, we used voltageclamp recordings to examine the effects of several(More)
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