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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating autoimmune disease whose etiology remains unknown, but studies have consistently implicated a plethora of inflammatory mechanisms culminating in chronic symmetric and erosive synovitis. Importantly, reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been attributed to directly contribute towards the destructive, proliferative(More)
Intrinsically cancer cells have higher basal levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which when augmented by pro-oxidants such as Malabaricone-A (MAL-A) triggers apoptotic cell death, secondary to 'turning on' of the apoptosis related cell signaling pathways. The effects of MAL-A upon key inflammation related signaling molecules were evaluated by western(More)
Allylpyrocatechol (APC) is responsible for the antiinflammatory activity exhibited by the methanolic extract of leaves of Piper betle. As antiinflammatory compounds may display antioxidant properties and vice versa, we investigated the antioxidant effect of APC. APC effectively reduced phorbol-myristate-acetate-induced generation of reactive oxygen species(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the peripheral analgesic effect of Piper betle leaf extract (PBE) along with establishing its putative mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Swiss albino mice after pre-treatment (1 h) with different doses of PBE were injected 0.8% (v/v) acetic acid i.p.; the onset and number of writhes were(More)
PURPOSE The 'two-faced' character of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays an important role in cancer biology by acting as secondary messengers in intracellular signaling cascades, enhancing cell proliferation and survival, thereby sustaining the oncogenic phenotype. Conversely, enhanced generation of ROS can trigger an oxidative assault leading to a redox(More)
Methotrexate (MTX), a folate antagonist, is currently used as first line therapy for autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, but its use is limited by the associated hepatotoxicity. As leaves of Piper betle, belonging to family Piperaceae, have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, the present study was undertaken to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Generalized vitiligo is a disease with unpredictable bursts of activity, goal of treatment during the active phase being to stabilize the lesions. This emphasizes the need for a prospective marker for monitoring disease activity to help decide the duration of therapy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES In the present study, we examined whether reactive oxygen(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an inflammatory autoimmune disorder, is characterized by synovial hyperplasia and bony destruction. The pathogenesis of RA includes redox dysregulation, concomitant with increased levels of proinflammatory mediators. As the ability of allylpyrocatechol (APC), a phytoconstituent of Piper betle leaves, to alleviate oxidative stress(More)
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