Soumendra Krishna Karmahapatra

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Tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase 2 (TDP2), a newly discovered enzyme that cleaves 5'-phosphotyrosyl bonds, is a potential target for chemotherapy. TDP2 possesses both 3'- and 5'-tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase activity, which is generally measured in a gel-based assay using 3'- and 5'-phosphotyrosyl linkage at the 3' and 5' ends of an oligonucleotide. To(More)
Mammalian apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE1) initiates the repair of abasic sites (AP-sites), which are highly toxic, mutagenic, and implicated in carcinogenesis. Also, reducing the activity of APE1 protein in cancer cells and tumors sensitizes mammalian tumor cells to a variety of laboratory and clinical chemotherapeutic agents. In general, mouse(More)
Human N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (hMPG) initiates base excision repair of a number of structurally diverse purine bases including 1,N(6)-ethenoadenine, hypoxanthine, and alkylation adducts in DNA. Genetic studies discovered at least eight validated non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of the hMPG gene in human populations that result(More)
Topo-poisons can produce an enzyme-DNA complex linked by a 3'- or 5'-phosphotyrosyl covalent bond. 3'-phosphotyrosyl bonds can be repaired by tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase-1 (TDP1), an enzyme known for years, but a complementary human enzyme 5'-tyrosyl DNA phosphodiesterase (hTDP2) that cleaves 5'-phosphotyrosyl bonds has been reported only recently.(More)
Interest in the mechanisms of DNA repair pathways, including the base excision repair (BER) pathway specifically, has heightened since these pathways have been shown to modulate important aspects of human disease. Modulation of the expression or activity of a particular BER enzyme, N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (MPG), has been demonstrated to play a role(More)
The Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat is an animal model for Wilson’s disease. This animal is genetically predisposed to copper accumulation in the liver, increased oxidative stress, accumulation of DNA damage, and the spontaneous development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, this animal model is useful for studying the relationship of endogenous DNA damage to(More)
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