Soumaya Benjelloun

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AIM Codon 72 polymorphism of the p53 gene has been implicated in cancer risk, and it has been suggested that it may have an impact on the clinical outcome of the disease. Our objective was to evaluate the association between p53 polymorphism at codon 72 and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the Moroccan population. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks among the 10 most common cancers worldwide. The main risk factors for its development are hepatitis B and C virus infections. Hepatitis B and C viruses induce chronic inflammation and oxidative stress that could predispose a cell to mutagenesis and proliferation. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) catalyses the(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hemochromatosis and SERPINA1 mutation were reported to affect liver functions. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of HFE and SERPINA1 (formerly known as alpha1-antitrypsin, AAT) mutations and assess their influence on hepatocellular carcinoma development. METHODS This study included 222 controls and 96 cases with(More)
Reactive oxygen species have been related to the aetiology of cancer as they are known to be mitogenic and therefore capable of tumour promotion. The aim of this study was to assess the role of common variation in three polymorphic genes (MnSOD Ala-9Val, GPX1 Pro198Leu and CAT -262 C > T) coding for antioxidant defence enzymes in modulating individual(More)
Recent reports revealed an association between variation in the PNPLA3 gene and alcohol-induced hepatocellular carcinoma among Europeans. We have assessed whether the PNPLA3 rs738409 (I148M) polymorphism may also affect the resolution and/or the progression of hepatitis C in a Moroccan cohort. Genotype and allele frequencies at rs738409 were determined(More)
BACKGROUND The Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) gene encodes a negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the MDM2 promoter (a T to G exchange at nucleotide 309) has been reported to produce accelerated tumor formation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this functional SNP is associated with(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) genotypes, subgenotypes, HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) subtypes and naturally occurring mutations in Major Hydrophilic region (MHR) of HBsAg among Moroccan patients with chronic HBV infection. METHODS The study included 200 patients chronically infected with HBV. The(More)
The reactivity of the HNK-1 monoclonal antibody that, besides a subset of hematopoietic cells with natural killer activity, also detects neuroectodermal cells, was screened on 153 human tumors. Immunoperoxidase staining of paraffin sections revealed that HNK-1 detects neuroectoderm-derived cancers and tumors with endocrine activity. Because the antigen(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in codon 72 of the TP53 gene (rs1042522) and in the promoter region of the MDM2 gene (SNP309; rs2279744) have been shown to play a role in the predisposition to many cancers. However, these findings were inconsistent in other tumor types, and ethnicity is suspected to be a critical factor influencing the effects of(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are major public health concerns. We aimed to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV infections among HIV-infected patients, and to identify the main circulating hepatitis strains in Morocco. The study was carried out in 503 HIV-infected patients. Our survey indicated(More)