Soula Chronopoulos

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Murine AA amyloid (AA) protein represents the amino-terminal two-third portion of SAA2, one of the isoforms of serum amyloid A. Whether plasma membrane-bound or lysosomal enzymes in activated murine monocytoid cells degrade SAA2 to generate amyloidogenic AA-like peptides is not clearly understood, although AA has been localized in the lysosomes. Here we(More)
Amyloid enhancing factor (AEF) activity has recently been demonstrated in ubiquitin purified from amyloidotic murine tissues and Alzheimer brain extract. Since AEF is known to bind to amyloid fibrils and 'fibril-AEF' on passive transfer induces accelerated amyloidogenesis in the recipient animals, it was of interest to investigate whether ubiquitin binds to(More)
Crude amyloid enhancing factor (AEF) drastically reduces the pre-amyloid phase on passive transfer and induces amyloid deposition in the recipient mice in 48–120h. We attempted to purify AEF from murine amyloidotic liver and spleen extracts by using gel filtration, preparative sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and ion exchange(More)
A high incidence of GI amyloidosis has been described in patients with various forms of systemic amyloidosis but its evolution and progression in different subregions of the GI tract are not well documented. These aspects including the chemical nature of GI amyloid were examined in the AHC mouse model of inflammation-associated reactive amyloidosis. C57BL/6(More)
Tris-HCl or Laemmli sample buffer extracted frontal lobe and hippocampal samples from normal aged and Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects were used to determine total ubiquitin (Ub), distribution of monomeric Ub and Ub-protein conjugates and amyloid enhancing factor (AEF) activity using the dot-blot, Western blot and mouse AEF bioassay techniques,(More)
Amyloid-enhancing factor (AEF) is believed to be a crucial common pathogenetic link in diverse forms of human amyloidosis. Passive transfer of crude AEF is known to trigger accelerated splenic amyloid deposition in mice. We have recently identified AEF activity in ubiquitin isolated from murine amyloidotic tissues. Using similar techniques we have purified(More)
Amyloid enhancing factor (AEF), which has recently been shown to have identity with ubiquitin (Ub), is believed to play a causative role in experimentally induced AA amyloidosis in mice. We have examined the profile of Ub in activated leukocytes and splenic reticulo-endothelial (RE) cells and its relationship with serum amyloid A protein (SAA) and AA(More)
Lysosomes in activated murine monocytoid cells have been implicated in AA amyloid formation. The pathophysiology of this process is not well understood. Previous studies into the nature of the relationship between ubiquitin (UB), possessing intrinsic amyloid enhancing factor (AEF) activity; serum amyloid A (SAA), the precursor protein of AA amyloid; and(More)
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