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Positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in 6-month-old F344/N rats were performed in the conscious state and the influence of chloral hydrate, ketamine, and pentobarbital anesthesia on dopamine D(1) (DA-D(1)) receptor binding was evaluated using [(11)C]SCH23390, a selective DA-D(1) receptor ligand. To perform the PET study in conscious rats, an(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms involved in deleterious neuronal and behavioral changes after prenatal ionizing irradiation, in vitro muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptor binding and histological construction were investigated in 9-week old rat brains after 1.5 Gy X-ray exposure on embryonic day 15 (E15). A gross anatomical examination with a(More)
The present study demonstrates changes in rat brain glial metabolism during the acute phase of epilepsy. Status epilepticus (SE) was induced using the lithium-pilocarpine model. Glial metabolism was measured with (14)C-acetate. Local cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism were also measured using (14)C-N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether [(11)C]PK-11195, a specific peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs) ligand for positron emission tomography (PET), can show activated microglia in a rat brain injury model. METHODS On day 1, ethanol was injected into the rat's right striatum (ST) using a stereotaxic operative procedure. On day 3, head magnetic resonance(More)
The effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-related compounds on in vivo [(3)H]SCH 23390 binding to striatal dopamine D(1) receptors were investigated using autoradiography in order to clarify the possible regulation of the cAMP-dependent mechanisms in the in vivo ligand-receptor bindings in the living brain. Intrastriatal infusion of the cAMP analogue,(More)
The uptake of [14C]lactate was measured in the brains of mice anesthetized with pentobarbital or chloral hydrate. The results showed significant increase of the [14C]lactate uptake in the brain under both anesthesia. Despite energy metabolism in the brain being suppressed by both pentobarbital and chloral hydrate, the [14C]lactate uptake was unexpectedly(More)
The [S] enantiomer of [11C]-N,alpha-dimethylbenzylamine (DMBA) was synthesized by N-methylation of [S]-alpha-methylbenzylamine, and its biodistribution in mice was measured. [11C]-[S]-DMBA was rapidly distributed into the brain, heart and lungs, and considerable long-term retention in the brain was observed. The radioactive metabolites in the plasma were(More)
The effect of rolipram, a selective phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, on the uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) in tumor tissue was examined in mice transplanted with NFSa fibrosarcoma. The uptake indexes of 18F-FDG in the heart, skeletal muscle and brain remarkably decreased after treatment with 3 mg/kg of rolipram (heart: 13%, skeletal muscle:(More)
The cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-protein kinase (PK) A system has been shown to have stimulatory effects on glucose utilization in various tissues in vitro. However, little is known about the influence of cAMP on glucose utilization in vivo. In the present study, we examined how cAMP-related compounds affected [(14)C]-2-deoxyglucose (DG) uptake in(More)
The role of glial activation has been implicated in the development and persistence of neuropathic pain after nerve injury by recent studies. PK11195 binding to the translocator protein 18kDa (TSPO) has been shown to be enhanced in activated microglia. This study was designed to assess PK11195 imaging in spinal microglia during activation after nerve(More)