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Positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in 6-month-old F344/N rats were performed in the conscious state and the influence of chloral hydrate, ketamine, and pentobarbital anesthesia on dopamine D(1) (DA-D(1)) receptor binding was evaluated using [(11)C]SCH23390, a selective DA-D(1) receptor ligand. To perform the PET study in conscious rats, an(More)
The present study demonstrates changes in rat brain glial metabolism during the acute phase of epilepsy. Status epilepticus (SE) was induced using the lithium-pilocarpine model. Glial metabolism was measured with (14)C-acetate. Local cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism were also measured using (14)C-N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) and(More)
The effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-related compounds on in vivo [(3)H]SCH 23390 binding to striatal dopamine D(1) receptors were investigated using autoradiography in order to clarify the possible regulation of the cAMP-dependent mechanisms in the in vivo ligand-receptor bindings in the living brain. Intrastriatal infusion of the cAMP analogue,(More)
The uptake of [14C]lactate was measured in the brains of mice anesthetized with pentobarbital or chloral hydrate. The results showed significant increase of the [14C]lactate uptake in the brain under both anesthesia. Despite energy metabolism in the brain being suppressed by both pentobarbital and chloral hydrate, the [14C]lactate uptake was unexpectedly(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether [(11)C]PK-11195, a specific peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs) ligand for positron emission tomography (PET), can show activated microglia in a rat brain injury model. METHODS On day 1, ethanol was injected into the rat's right striatum (ST) using a stereotaxic operative procedure. On day 3, head magnetic resonance(More)
The role of glial activation has been implicated in the development and persistence of neuropathic pain after nerve injury by recent studies. PK11195 binding to the translocator protein 18kDa (TSPO) has been shown to be enhanced in activated microglia. This study was designed to assess PK11195 imaging in spinal microglia during activation after nerve(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms involved in deleterious neuronal and behavioral changes after prenatal ionizing irradiation, in vitro muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptor binding and histological construction were investigated in 9-week old rat brains after 1.5 Gy X-ray exposure on embryonic day 15 (E15). A gross anatomical examination with a(More)
The [S] enantiomer of [11C]-N,alpha-dimethylbenzylamine (DMBA) was synthesized by N-methylation of [S]-alpha-methylbenzylamine, and its biodistribution in mice was measured. [11C]-[S]-DMBA was rapidly distributed into the brain, heart and lungs, and considerable long-term retention in the brain was observed. The radioactive metabolites in the plasma were(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the role of N-methyl-D: -aspartate (NMDA) receptors upon [(14)C]acetate uptake in the rodent central nervous system (CNS), ibotenic acid (IBO) was infused into the right striatum of the rat brain. METHODS Autoradiograms of [(14)C]acetate uptake in the brain for 2 h following the infusion of IBO (10 microg/microl) were obtained in both(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of using [(3)H]-labeled N-methyl-2,3-diamino-6-phenyl-dihydrophenanthridine ([(3)H]hydromethidine) for ex vivo imaging of regional ROS overproduction in mouse kidney induced by cisplatin. METHODS Male(More)