Sospatro Ngallaba

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Malaria infection during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). For this reason, the World Health Organization currently recommends intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) at each scheduled antenatal care (ANC) visit. In Tanzania, the revised IPTp policy was(More)
Geriatric injuries pose a major challenge to surgeons and general practitioners in developing countries. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, injury characteristics and outcomes of geriatric injury among patients at Shinyanga Regional Hospital in Tanzania. Data was collected using a pre-tested, coded questionnaire and analyzed using(More)
SETTING Bugando Medical Centre, a referral consultant hospital in the lake zone to which all inmates from Butimba prison are admitted and treated. OBJECTIVE To determine the extent of open (smear-positive) tuberculosis and other types of tuberculosis among prisoners with tuberculosis. DESIGN A retrospective cohort study. Case notes of 501 prisoners from(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiologic characteristics of injury cases at Bugando Medical Centre. SETTING Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania. DATA SOURCES Records, registries and case notes in the surgical wards and clinic, casualty, medical record department, radiology and theatre from January 1995 to December 1997. STUDY SAMPLE Cases attended(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 0.5 to 1.5 million informal miners, of whom 30-50% are women, rely on artisanal mining for their livelihood in Tanzania. Mercury, used in the processing gold ore, and arsenic, which is a constituent of some ores, are common occupational exposures that frequently result in widespread environmental contamination. Frequently, the mining(More)
This study examined the spatial distribution of total mercury (THg) and total arsenic (TAs) in water, soil and cassava (Manihot esculenta) (leaves and roots) samples taken from areas in Rwamagasa village in northwestern Tanzania where daily living activities occur in close proximity to extensive artisanal and small scale gold mining. Results indicated that(More)
BACKGROUNDS Sixty percent of the global deaths and injuries occur in the developing world and mostly are due to Road traffic accidents (RTAs. looking at the etiological related factors which include, carelessness of the driver, condition of the vehicle or motorcycle, poor condition of roads, risky behavior of the driver, most of these factors can be(More)
BACKGROUND In 2012, The Tanzania Ministry Of Health introduced the revised Routine Health Management Information System (RHMIS) modules and registers, and introduced the open source software for data collection at the district council level. Despite a series of data collection tools revisions, the quality of data collated from both public and private(More)
Background: In Tanzania elders are respected as repositories of inherited wisdom, experienced and principal decision makers in the community. However, evidence shows that such repositories are no longer considered important in most societies. As a result elders are neglected with some mistreatment in terms of provision of health and social services for(More)
Motorcycle helmets have been reported to reduce the risk of death and head injuries following motorcycle accidents. The aim of this descriptive prospective study was to determine the injury outcome among helmeted and non-helmeted motorcyclists and passengers at a tertiary hospital in north-western Tanzania. A total of 654 patients involved in the motorcycle(More)
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